Charlie Chaplin

Other names of Charlie Chaplin: Charles Chaplin,Charles Spencer Chaplin
Birthday: 16-04-1889
Date of death: 25-12-1977
Star sign: Taurus

Charles Chaplin popularly known as Charlie Chaplin was born on 16th April 1889 in London, England. He was an English actor and filmmaker. He is popularly known for his silent comedy in the silent era and is an important personality in the history of the movie industry, his works and contributions to the world cinema can never be forgotten. His parents were musical artists and performed shows. Chaplin’s spent his childhood in poverty and deprivation; his father left him, and his mother couldn’t support him financially. He was sent to a workhouse to perform jobs so that he could have the basic necessities. His mother was taken to a mental asylum due to her depriving health and abnormal behavior. Chaplin’s story of rising to riches from the rags is the most dramatic story ever told.

Chaplin began to perform at a very young age, at the age of 19; he was hired by Fred Karno, who took him to America where he later worked for Keystone Studios. Before Chaplin started to work as an actor, he worked at different areas to strengthen his art of comedy and sharpen himself as a stage performer, which ultimately led him to deliver some of the greatest and finest works in the history of world cinema. Chaplin founded United Artists in 1919 which gave him the full authority to his movies. He continued making silent movies and even portrayed as Adolf Hitler in the movie, The Great Dictator.

The 1940 era was full of ups and downs for Chaplin his popularity declined due to the communist issue, the paternity suit filed and his attraction to younger women and ultimately marrying them led to his decline. Chaplin was forced to leave US when an FBI investigation was set against him who led him to settle in Switzerland. After Chaplin had risen to fame, Keystone couldn’t afford his demand of salary hike which ultimately led him to leave. Later in 1917, in spite of receiving offers from different firms the best for Chaplin came at $10,000 a week from Mutual. The firm wanted to give what the public demanded, so they gave them Chaplin’s work fulfilling their dream of seeing him work. A Dog’s Life was Chaplin’s initial work under the current firm which was at the time when he considered the homeless person as a sort of sad clown. He raised funds for the Allied forces and donated them to the Government. On December 25th, 1977 Chaplin has his last breath as he suffered a stroke while he was asleep. He had 11 children from different women he married.

During his last years, he was married to Oona O’ Neill.

Charles Bronson English Actor

Charles Bronson

Charles Bronson who was born on 3rd November, 1921, was an American actor. His real name was Charles Dennis Buchinsky and was born in Ehrenfeld, Pennsylvania. Both his parents were of Lithuanian origin. Bronson came from a very poor but large family, and hence, he started working at the tender age of 16, in the mines. Before pursuing acting as his career he also served in the Second World War. After venturing into films, he became one of the top-most actors in the world, and also allegedly the highest paid of them all. One of the most popular films done by Bronson is “Once Upon a Time in the West (1968)”, where he essayed the role of Harmonica. This film has often been declared as one of the 100 greatest films of the 20th century. Bronson was a student of art, which was his passion since childhood. He made his debut in a film called “You’re in the Navy Now (1951)”, directed by Henry Hathaway. For him, acting seemed like an easy way to make money. Gradually, he started receiving more film offers and managed to establish his foothold in Hollywood. In spite of a flourishing career in Hollywood, Bronson did not limit himself to movies only. He successfully starred in various TV series like “Gunsmoke”, “Alfred Hitchcock Presents”, “Man with a Camera”, and many more. His role as the claustrophobic flight Lieutenant, Danny Velinski (“Tunnel King”), who was a prisoner of war, in the 1963 film “The Great Escape”, earned him worldwide recognition. But his role in the “Death Wish” series is touted as his most famous role where Bronson delivered his best performance. His roles in most of the films are of a “tough guy” who is usually a chaperone or a vigilante. In real life, Bronson was more of a recluse who kept to himself. He regarded himself as a good listener who is “entertained by his own thoughts”, but not a good converser. He was popularly known as “a man of few words, but much action”. He has many awards to his credit. He won the Henrietta Award for World Film Favorite (Male) in 1972, and was also nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for An Outstanding Performance in a Supporting Role in the TV series “General Electric Theatre”. Bronson married thrice and has 4 children. He lost his second wife, Jill Ireland, due to breast cancer. Bronson suffered for quite a few years with Alzheimer’s disease, and on 30th August, 2003, he died of pneumonia in Los Angeles.

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Charles Durning

Charles was born in a big Catholic family of ten children out of which only five survived. The rest of his siblings died as children due to either smallpox or scarlet fever. They all were born in Highland Falls, NY, to Louise and James. Both of his parents were of Irish backgrounds. At the age of twenty, he entered the U.S. Army. He served the Army for three years (1943-1946) and gained the rank of Private First Class on leaving. For his bravery and good conduct, he received nine awards, two badges and a button for the time he served in the army. Even after leaving the US Army, he participated on several occasions to give honor to various veterans. He also served as the Chairman of the US National Salute to Hospitalized Veterans. For all his contribution to the country, he was given a special remembrance tribute by sounding Taps on National Memorial Day in 2013. He began to pursue his acting career in 1951. During that period, he taught ballroom dancing at Fred Astaire Dance Studio, NYC and also worked as an usher at a bar joint. He performed in around 50 off-Broadway plays and other stock company creations and hence eventually got noticed by Joseph Papp. Joseph got him into 35 plays in the Shakespeare Festival as he was the founder of the New York Shakespeare Festival and also of The Public Theater. He entered the film industry in 1965 while doing Broadway plays alongside. His debut movie was Harvey Middleman, Fireman. He is seen in several movies afterward like Hi, Mom (1970), Sisters (1973), The Fury (1978), Starting Over (1979), Tootsie (1982) and many more. All his appearances are hard to enlist as he has appeared in over 200 films, plays and TV shows. His movie awards include Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor for ‘’Dog Day Afternoon’’, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for ‘’Queen of the Stardust Ballroom’’, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for ‘’Attica’’, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for ‘’The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas’’, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture for ‘’To Be or Not To Be’’, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for the TV movie ‘’Death of a Salesman’’ and CableACE Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for ‘’The Man Who Broke 1000 Chains’’. He has won three awards for the movie ‘’State and Main’’ and one for Dog Day Afternoon. He was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor five times for appearances in various TV shows and won the Golden Globe for his role in The Kennedys of Massachusetts. Durning was married to Carole Doughty from 1959-1972. He had three children from his first marriage. He later married Mary Ann in 1974 until they declared their separation in 2010. There’s a collection named after him at the Academy Film Archive which mostly has the movies he liked and a small collection of his homemade movies. He received the Life Achievement Award on  27th January, 2008 at the Screen Actors Guild Award Ceremony. He is honoured by a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He passed away due to natural causes on December 24, 2012 when he was 89 years old.

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Charles Durning English Actor

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