Walt Disney or Walter Elias Disney was an American animator who revolutionized the field of animation into what it is today and is the founder of one of the most beloved film studios in the last and current century and also created the most iconic cartoon characters to grace the scene. He was born on December 5, 1901, in Chicago to Elias Disney, a farmer and businessman and Flora Disney. His father was a Canadian-Irish and mother was an American of German and English descent.

He was the fourth child born to the couple; he had three elder brothers Herbert, Raymond, Roy and had a younger sister named Ruth. In 1905, the Disney family moved to Marceline, Missouri which his uncle had purchased some land. It was in Marceline that Walter developed an interest in drawing and painting and made pictures which he sold to neighbors and friends. In 1911, the family shifted to Kansas City, Missouri. He served as a newspaper delivery boy for the kansas City, along with his brother, Roy and performed the job for six years.

He also attended Saturday courses at Kansas City Art School & took up a correspondence course in cartoons. In 1917, the family moved back to Chicago where Walter enrolled at McKinley High School and became a cartoonist for the school newspaper. During the First World War, Walter tried to join the army to fight against the Germans but got rejected as he was only 16 at the time and presented a forged birth certificate. He later joined the Red Cross and shipped to France where he drove an ambulance, on which he drew cartoons and also published his works in the Army newspaper, ‘Stars and Stripes.’ He returned to Kansas City in 1919 and started working as an apprentice artist at a company where he met future collaborator, the artist Ub Iwerks.

In 1920, Disney and Iwerks were laid off. Together, they begin their own business but failed after which Disney started working for Kansas City Film Ad. Here, he became interested in animation and began experimenting with cameras and animation. Later, he quit and opened a new business. They made a deal with a local theater to screen their cartoons, which were called Laugh-O-Grams, which became successful. Disney and company started Laugh-O-Grams studios, due to their success with the Laugh-O-Grams series of animated short. However,they were not enough to bring income needed to keep the company from closing. So Disney started production of Alice’s Wonderland, which combined live-action with animation. However, the company went bankrupt in 1923.

In 1923, Disney moved to Hollywood along with his brother Roy and his friendUb Iwerks. They sold their Alice cartoons to Margaret Winkler, a New York-based film distributor. Walter and his brother Roy started a new studio by the name of Disney Brothers Studio. This studio is now known as The Walt Disney Company. They continued production of Alice comedies, which ran from 1924 to 1927. During this time, Walt hired Lillian Bounds, an ink artist and after sharing a brief courtship, they got married in 1925. The couple hadtwo daughters.

Their first daughter Diane was born in 1933 and in 1936 they adopt Sharon as their second daughter. By 1926, Winkler handed over distribution duties to her husband, Charles Mintz, with whom Disney had a strained relationship. Charles Mintz wanted new material to distribute through Universal Studios, which led to Disney and Iwerks making Oswald the Lucky Rabbit. The character became successful, and 26 more characters were developed.

However, Mintz started reducing payments to Disney Studios, stole the rights to Oswald and persuaded many of Disney’s animators to work for him, except for Ub Iwerks, who remained loyal to Disney. Thus, Disney lost his creation and his animators to Mintz. To replace Oswald, Disney and Iwerks started working on a new character, which was inspired by a pet mouse Disney owned. With Ub Iwerks drawing the basis of the character, Disney named the newly created character Mortimer Mouse. However, his wife asked for a cuter name and Mickey Mouse arrived. Mickey first debuted in the 1928 short film, ‘Plane Crazy’ and later in the 1929 short film, ‘The Galloping' Gaucho’. Both failed to find a movie distributor.

After the rise of sound films, Disney produced the third short film with Mickey Mouse called ‘Steamboat Willie’ with sound whichgot released in 1928 and Walt Disney voiced Mickey in it. It became popular and became a sensation throughout America. Due to the success of Steamboat Willie, Disney went on to produce a series of shorts called Silly Symphonies and continued producing more Mickey Mouse cartoons. Both Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphonies became hugely popular.

In 1932, Disney filmed Flowers and Trees, a cartoon short which used Technicolor and was the first cartoon with colour. It became a successful and Disney won an Academy Award for it in the 1932 Academy Awards. After that, all subsequent Silly Symphonies and Mickey Mouse cartoons were made in colour. Disney produced The Three Little Pigs in 1933, which also became popular and won him another Academy Award. By 1934, Disney got dissatisfied with the same formula of cartoon shorts, and he started a four-year long production on an animated full-length motion picture based on the fairy tale,’ Snow White.’ When news about this broke out, many thought that this would lead the studio to bankruptcy and called the entire project, “Disney’s folly” and indeed it was as it was going to be made in full color and sound and went over budget, three times.

During this time, he released a new Silly Symphony short called Old Mill in 1937, which used a technique called multiplane camera. It won Disney another Academy Award in 1937. Snow White released in December 1937, to critical and commercial success. The movie became the most successful movie of 1938 and became the highest grossing sound film by 1939. It also won Disney an honorary Academy Award. The success of Snow White ushered a year, which many believe as the “Golden Age of Animation.” He later produced Pinocchio, Fantasia, Dumbo, and Bambi (1942).

However, there were setbacks due to loss of the European market due to the Second World War, leading to financial crisis and a strike in which many animators left the studio. During World War II, Disney made animated shorts featuring Donald Duck to sell war bond. The shorts became a success. They are now seen as classics and the best-animated shorts of Donald Duck. In 1950, he released Cinderella, an animated film and this saw the studio’s return to animated motion pictures. Later projects by Disney were live-action films like Treasure Island, 20000 Leagues under the Sea and animated films like Alice in Wonderland in 1951, Peter Pan in 1953, Lady and the Tramp in 1955, Sleeping Beauty in 1959 and 101 Dalmatians in 1961.

In total, Disney produced over 100 features. Disney also started focusing on using television as another form of entertainment and made Zorro, the Davy Crockett series, and The Mickey Mouse Club House, which were very popular among children. Disney began television production and presented full-color programming with, Disney’s Wonderful World of Color in 1961. Disney later produced a live-action movie called Mary Poppins in 1964, which was his last production, which was also a huge success.

During this time, Walt Disney handed over studio duties to his animation staff. He began plans to establish a theme park, where children and their parents can have fun.He acquired land in Anaheim, California and opened his theme park, Disneyland, which cost 17 million dollars to make. In 1966, Disney died on December 15, 1966, at the age of 65 from lung cancer. He was cremated in California. He won 26 Academy Awards and 1 Emmy Award and 3 Golden Globe Awards nominations. To this day, we remember Disney as the person who revolutionized a new form of entertainment. His cartoons are loved by many and are afantastical part of our childhood.

Lana Wachowski English Actress

Lana Wachowski

Lana Wachowski (née Laurence Wachowski) is a phenomenal screenwriter, TV and Film director. Lana was born on June 21, 1965. Lana Wachowski is the creative mind behind The Matrix that released in the year 1999. She is a Transgender woman who underwent gender transition in 2000. Other notable works of Lana Wachowski include Cloud Atlas (2012), Speed Racer (2008) and V for Vendetta (2006). Lana Wachowski, formerly known as Larry Wachowski, was born to Ron Wachowski, an executive and, Lynne Luckinbill, a painter and nurse. Lana grew in the household with three siblings – Lilly, Laura, and Julie. Lana, along with Lilly, once called The Wachowski Brothers professionally. After their gender transformation, this successful director duo renamed as The Wachowskis created Cloud Atlas. Lana Wachowski underwent schooling at the Kellogg Elementary School in Beverly. Subsequently, she took courses related to theater and TV in Whitney Young Magnet High in Illinois of Chicago in the year 1983. Lana Wachowski later attended New York’s Bard College but bowed out to pursue in comic creation. She co-wrote a comic by the name Ecktokid, in 1993 fabricated by the author Clive Barker, with her sibling Lilly. Succeeding this Marvel Comic creation, Lana helped Clive Barker create the comic series Nightbreed and Hellraiser. Lana’s directorial debut was the thriller film Bound in 1996. Before this picture, Lana Wachowski worked with the director Richard Donner for the script of the 1994 movie Assassins. Brian Helgeland redrafts the script for this film, but Lana Wachowski is given credit as the original scriptwriter. Lana Wachowski’s interest then drifted towards film direction and the launching film Bound is well received. With this encouragement, Lana Wachowski compiled the fictional world of Matrix that she subsequently directed with her sibling Lilly. The movie The Matrix completed post-production and released in 1999, is a huge commercial hit. This motion picture has the leading man Keanu Reeves as the hacker Neo to fight simulated reality. At the favorable outcome of the film, Lana Wachowski shot sequel to The Matrix in 2003 with the name The Matrix Reloaded. The trilogy ended with The Matrix Revolutions released on November 5, 2003. Spencer Lamm, who marketed comics with the same name in The Matrix official website, wrote the prequel to the series with inputs from Lana Wachowski between the years 1999 and 2004. Being an avid gamer, Lana directed video games like The Matrix Online and The Matrix: Path of Neo. The Matrix series won Lana Wachowski many awards including Saturn Awards’ Best Director, Readers’ Choice Award in the year 2000. With the success of The Matrix in mind, Lana Wachowski directed the movie V for Vendetta in 2003. She is highly inspired by a comic book with the name V for Vendetta written by Alan Moore and thus created a feature film. Her other inspirations include Roger Corman, John Woo, and Michael Straczynski. Subsequent ventures of Lana Wachowski are Speed Racer, Ninja Assassin and Cloud Atlas. Though these feature films have a remarkable cast, they failed to impress the regular moviegoers but acclaimed critically for visual effects. Lana Wachowski chose to stay anonymous regarding her gender during the early 2000’s. Following the success of The Matrix trilogy, she publicly lived as a woman. During the release of Cloud Atlas in 2012, Lana spoke about her suicidal tendency due to the confusion of her identity. However, once she accepted herself, she became a more content personality with charisma. She was the recipient of HRC’s Visibility Award in October 2012. Her acceptance speech addressed the anonymity issue and privacy concerns of her. Eventually, Lana Wachowski won the Equality Illinois’s Freedom Award in the year 2014. Previously, Lana Wachowski married Thea Bloom in 1993 but divorced from her in 2002. Lana is currently married to Karin Winslow since 2009. The more recent work of Lana Wachowski is Jupiter Ascending, which is an original opera in space. This film opened to the crowd in 2015 with average openings and bombed at the box office. Lana Wachowski eventually turned to produce the Netflix original series Sense8 that the audience welcomed comparatively well. The next season of the serial Sense8 is in post-production stage and is set to stream on Netflix on May 5, 2017.

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Stephen Worth

Stephen Worth is a renowned American animator, film and TV producer. He was born on May 2, 1959, in Glendale, California. He completed Bachelor of Arts in Design at the University of California in 1982 and started his career as a Production Assistant at FilmFair Studios, a production house, and animation studio. Worth studied the techniques in classic animations, together with Lew Stude, and established the Vintage Ink & Paint, a restoration facility for animation arts at Burbank, California. Later, he worked as a Production Assistant at Bagdasarian Productions, the banner who is responsible for the animated series, Alvin and the Chipmunks. Initially, he was given the task to organize, promote, and advertise artwork from the animated fantasy comedy film, The Chipmunk Adventure. He was promoted to Associate Producer after nine months and has worked in recordings, TV series, and primetime television specials. In the early 90s, Ralph Bakshi, a film director, offered him to work as Animation Production Manager for the action-animated fantasy film, Cool World. He had managed the production tasks of the film and later represents the estates of Mel Blanc, Leslie James Clark, and Grim Natwick through his very own Vintage Ink & Paint. He met John Kricfalusi, a Canadian animator, through the Internet and the two became friends. He introduced the World Wide Web (WWW) to Kricfalusi and encouraged him to become involved in this new medium. Later on, they established an animation website and called it Spumco’s Wonderful World of Cartoons. They worked along in the making of the first Adobe Flash animated web cartoons, The Goddamn George Liquor Program and also in Weekend Pussy Hunt and Björk’s music video for her 1995 single, I Miss You. For ten years, he consistently worked in Spumco as a Producer for web cartoons, commercials, TV series, and Cartoon Network’s primetime specials entitled Boo Boo Runs Wild. Worth voiced Yogi Bear’s character in this program. After completing the adult animated TV series, Ren & Stimpy Adult Party Cartoon, Spumco officially shut down their production and he started working on making a museum and archive of the art of animation. In the span of 19 years, Worth has also served the Board of Directors of the non-profit organization called ASIFA-Hollywood. At present, he is running an online and physical museum called Animal He bagged the June Foray Annie Award in 2007 for his remarkable impact on the art of animation.

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Stephen Worth English Actor