Lakshminarayana Shankar, popularly known as L. Shankar, Shankar and Shenkar, is an Indian violinist, singer, and composer. He was born on 26 April 1950 in Madras, India, and raised in Ceylon (current-day Sri Lanka). His father, V. Lakshminarayana, was also a violinist and singer and worked as a teacher at the Jaffna College of Music. In 1969, he studied ethnomusicology at Wesleyan University, USA. At the university, he met the jazz musicians Ornette Coleman, Jimmy Garrison, and John McLaughlin. With McLaughlin, he founded the group ‘
’ in 1975. After the band dissolved, he worked with
as a violinist, founded the group ‘The Epidemics’, and released many albums as a band leader. He also founded a trio with his brothers, L. Vaidyanathan and L. Subramaniam, and performed throughout India. Since 1996, he has been working with
as the duo Shankar & Gingger.
He has also performed with
, Eric Clapton, Phil Collins,
, Van Morrison, Yoko Ono, Stewart Copeland, John Waite, Charly García, Steve Vai, Ginger Baker, Nils Lofgren, Jonathan Davis, and The SFA and Sting. Some of his Discographies include Shakti in 1975, A Handful of Beauty in 1976, Natural Elements in 1977, Touch Me There in 1979, Who’s to Know in 1980, Vision in 1983, Song for Everyone in 1985, Eye Catcher in 1987, Raga Aberi in 1995, Enlightenment in 1999, One in a Million in 2001, Celestial Body in 2004, Open the Door in 2007, In a Box in 2012, The Revelation in 2013, Champion in 2014, Transcend in 2015, Face to Face in 2019, Chepleeri Dream in 2020, Christmas from India in 2021, and many more. He has also worked on the films like Bombay Jazz in 1992, Secret World Live in 1994, and Queen of the damned in 2002. He also worked on the TV series Heroes from 2006 to 2009.