Birthday: 24-05-1945

Pinarayi Vijayan is an Indian politician. He is the current Chief Minister of Kerala. He was born on 24 May, 1945 in Pinarayi in Malabar district. His father’s name was Konan and his mother’s name was Kalyani. He completed his schooling from Government school in his hometown.

After completing his school, he worked as a handloom weaver before joining Pre-University course in the Government Brennen College, Thalassery. He also completed his graduation from the same college. He married to Kamala Vijayan, who is a retired teacher. He has two children; their names are Veena and Vivek. Vivek work in HSBC bank in Abu Dhabi, and Veena lives in Bangalore managing a start up. Pinarayi Vijayan lives in Chief Minister Residence at Trivandrum.

He entered into politics in his college, where he joined the student union. Later in 1964, he joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist).After that, he became the secretary of Kerala Student Federation (KSF), which was changed to Student Federation of India (SFI). He became the state president of KSF later on. After some time, he moved to Kerala State Youth Federation (KSYF), which became Democratic Youth Federation of India (DYFI). He was the part of the communist’s political activities that were organized from hide outs.

Due to this, he was in prison for one and a half year. After some time of coming out of jail, he was elected as the president of the Kerala State Co-Operative Bank. During the time of emergency, he was tortured by police. Later, he became the Kannur District Secretary at CPI, within three years of becoming CPI; he became a member of State Secretariat. In 1970, he got elected at assembly. From 1996 to 1998, he was electric minister in the E.K. Nayanar Ministry. In 2002, he was elected as the Politburo of the CPI(M).

On 26 May 2007, he was removed along with V.S. Achuthanandan from the politburo, but later on when allegations were dropped he was reinstated back at Politburo. In May 2016, he was elected as the chief minister of Kerala by CPI(M). During that period, he was appointed as the leader of Left Democratic Front Government. He took the seat on 25 May, the day when he took the oath in front of 19-members of cabinet.

While he was holding the position of Chief Minister, he introduced various schemes such as Haritha Keralam Mission, Project LIFE, Ardram Mission, and Comprehensive Education Reforms. He also introduced an all-woman police squad in Kerala. The squad was known as ‘Pink Patrol,’ to ensure the safety of the women of Kerala.

K R Gowri Amma Malayalam Actress

K R Gowri Amma

K.R Gowri Amma is a renowned political figure in who founded the Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy (JSS). Prior to being the head of JSS, she had also played a prominent role in implementing the Land Reform Bill in Kerala and had participated in the Communist-led movements in Kerala before she was expelled from Communist Party of India or CPI(M). K.R Gowri Amma was born in Pattanakad village to K. A. Raman and Parvathi Amma on the 14th of July, 1919. She went to Thuravoor and Cherthala for her schooling and completed her graduation from Ernakulam’s Maharaja's College. Later she went on to receive her Law degree from Government Law College in Ernakulam. K.R Gowri Amma’s elder brother, Sukumaran was a trade union leader who influenced her to participate in trade unions and various other peasant movements – which marked the beginning of her involvement in the political world. She was also jailed several times for her vigorous participation at a time when women barely left the domain of household work. In 1952 and 1954 she was elected to the Travancore Council of Legislative Assembly and in 1957 she became the Revenue Minister in the first communist ministry, which was headed by E. M. S. Namboodiripad where she served from April 1957 to July 1959. She introduced and promoted the Land Reform Bill for the Communist Government. She also drafted the Agrarian Relations Bill which conferred ownership rights to tenants and fixed a ceiling for the land that could be possessed by a land owner. This bill was although passed in the Assembly but was not approved by the President. In the year she became the Revenue Minister in the first communist ministry i.e. in 1957, she also got married to T. V. Thomas, who was also a prominent politician. After the split of Communist Party in 1964, she joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist). Her husband promoted the Communist Party of India which led to differences in their relationship. In 1967 elections, K.R. Gowri Amma served as the Minister for Revenue, Sales Tax, Civil Supplies, Social Welfare and Law. The Land Reforms Bill which was passed by the previous Government was amended by her and landlordism was finally abolished in Kerala. In January 1980, K.R. Gowri Amma was made Minister for Industries and Social Welfare, Vigilance and Administration of Justice. She was conferred with the same title in 1987 once again. But when the Ministry was formed she was expelled from the Communist Party (Marxist) in 1994 on charges of anti-party activities. It was after this that she established Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy (JSS) in the same year. Gowri Amma could have been the first Chief Minister of Kerala, the failure of which she blamed on Namboodiripad – the first chief minister of Kerala – as he favoured EK Nayanar above her. Currently, B Gopan, the State Secretary has sent a letter to Gowri Amma asking her to resign from the party, although she has dismissed the letter. Gowri Amma has been an inspiration to all aspiring women politicians in not just Kerala but all over India. She has also written an autobiography; ‘Atmakatha’ which won the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award in 2011 and an engineering college has also been named after her by the Sree Narayana Guru Memorial Education and Cultural Trust, by the name K.R. Gowri Amma College of Engineering for women. It was established in June 2009. Although 97 years old, she continues to work for JSS and is still reluctant to quit the party which reestablishes her determined nature and her passion towards her work.

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Shashi Tharoor

Shashi Tharoor is an author, politician and also a Member of Parliament, of Lok Sabha from Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. since 2009. He was born in London on 9th March 1956 to a Malayali family of Chandran Tharoor andLily of Palakkad, Kerala. His father worked in London, Calcutta, Delhi, and Bombay for various posts, and had a fantastic 25-year career for The Statesman. His paternal uncle Tharoor Parameshwaran, was the founder of Readers Digest in India. When his parents returned to India, he was in boarding school at Montford School, Yercaud in 1962. He further moved to Bombay studying in Campion School from 1963 to 1968. Tharoor spent his high school years in Calcutta at St Xavier’s Collegiate School from 1969 to 1971. He pursued Bachelors of Arts (Honours) in History from St Stephen’s College, Delhi. Then in 1975, he attended The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, United States to pursue his graduate studies, where he received his MA and MALD and was also awarded the Robert B. Stewart Prize for Best Student. He also obtained his Ph.D. at the age of 22. Tharoor began his career in the United Nations as a staff member for UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Geneva, 1978. He managed the UNHCR office, as its head from 1981 to 1984. In 1989, he was appointed as special assistant to Under-Secretary-General for Special Political Affairs. After that, he was appointed as an executive assistant to the then Secretary-General Kofi Annan in 1996. He was also appointed as the director of communications and special projects. In January 2001, Tharoor was appointed as Under-Secretary-General for Communications and Public Information and as a Head of the Department of Public Information (UNDPI). On April 2007, he left the UN. He was a frequent contributor to the Newsweek International and writes an internationally syndicated monthly column " India Reawakening" for Project Syndicate. Tharoor contested for Indian General Elections in 2009 for Congress Party in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. On May 28th, he was sworn as Minister of State for External Affairs. He was the highest followed Indian political-personality on Twitter till 2013 after which he was overtaken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi for the same title. He is widely recognized for his marvellous eloquence while speaking and his speeches have been appreciated by the people. Shashi Tharoor was able to rebuild the diplomatic relationships with various countries as the Minister of State for External Affairs. He resigned from his post as a minister in April 2010, following the allegations of using his position for buying IPL shares. In 2014, Shashi Tharoor won his re-election from Thiruvananthapuram and was removed from the post of Congress spokesperson for praising his party's opponent, Prime Minister Narendra Modi.  

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Shashi Tharoor Malayalam Actor

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