Birthday: 24-12-1924
Date of death: 31-07-1980
Star sign: Capricorn

Mohammed Rafi is a renowned Indian playback singer who dominated Bollywood for over three decades where no singer could equal his mighty classical voice or even come closer to him in his voice quality; that was appreciated across the globe. He was at the height of his career when actors like Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand, and Raj Kapoor ruled the industry. He was the most sought after singer in the film industry as he gave his vocal for actors like Dev Anand, Raj Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Sunil Dutt, Dharmendra, and Jeetendra. Although he did playback for actors like Pradeep Kumar, Bharat Bhushan and a comedian like Johnny Walker or Mehmood, his tonal quality suited even Guru Dutt too. That is why Guru Dutt often repeated Mohammed Rafi in his films.

Rafi is indeed one of the versatile playback singers that the country has produced so far. No singer even now can draw any parallel to his style of singing; He was equally eased in singing qawwalis, ghazals, romantic, bhajans, patriotic, classical or sad numbers. He has received six Filmfare Awards and one National Film Award. He was honored with Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1967.

Rafi was born on 24 December 1924 in Punjab. He moved to Mumbai to establish himself as a singer in 1944. After partition, he decided to stay in Mumbai. He was given a chance to sing in a chorus in his early career days. But it was Naushad who noticed his voice quality and gave him maximum melodious compositions. Thus in his early career, he got associated with music composer Naushad and later in late 1950’s and 1960’s he worked with other composers like S.D. Burman, Ravi, Madan Mohan, Shankar Jaikishan, and O.P.Nayyar. After Naushad, it was in every composition of O.P.Nayyar that the singer had given maximum hits.

It is indeed difficult to trace the best songs of Rafi. Rafi has sung maximum songs for Laxmikant-Pyarelal and maximum duet songs with Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, and Manna Dey. If S.D. Burman used Rafi’s voice for Guru Dutt and Dev Anand, Naushad allowed the singer to sing for actors like Dilip Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. In association with Shankar Jaikishen, Rafi gave maximum solo hits that were featured on Rajendra Kumar or Shammi Kapoor. Music composers allowed his voice to get suitable for actors like Raj Kumar and Sunil Dutt. Rafi has sung a patriotic song ‘"Kar Chale Hum Fida" for music composer Madan Mohan, which is played even today on Independence Day or Republic Day function in India.

Rafi’s career graph declined when R.D. Burman allowed Kishore Kumar to sing for Rajesh Khanna. However, filmmakers like Nasir Hussain and Manmohan Desai took keen interest to retain Mohammed Rafi’s voice in films they chose to direct. If Rajesh Khanna had opted for Kishore Kumar, Dharmendra had considered only Rafi’s voice in many of his films. Rafi had influenced many singers like Mahendra Kapoor and Sonu Nigam in playback singing. Rafi also sang with contemporary singers like Kishore Kumar and Mahendra Kapoor.
Rafi has sung over 28,000 songs in 11 Indian languages between 1944 and April 1980. The singer passed away on 31 July 1980. Even today, no singer in India had been able to fill the vacant space that he had left.


 

Mukesh Chand Mathur Hindi Actor

Mukesh Chand Mathur

Mukesh Chand Mathur (Mukesh) was a popular playback singer in Hindi cinema. He made a place for himself in his era along with Mohammed Rafi, Kishore Kumar and Manna Dey. He is also regarded as the ghost voice for Raj Kapoor. Being born on July 22, 1923, in Delhi, Mukesh is the son of Zorawar Chand Mathur and Chand Rani. The singer had no formal training in singing but was born with the ability to sing a song. The singer was noticed by his distant relative, Motilal (a legendary actor), while Mukesh was performing in a wedding ceremony. Motilal took Mukesh to Mumbai and offered him a role of actor-cum-singer in the film, ‘Nirdosh’ (1941). Later, Mukesh got a chance to sing for one of Motilal’s films, ‘Pehli Nazar’, in 1945. Mukesh’s first song was ‘Dil Jalta Hai To Jalne De’. After hearing this song, even singer-actor K.L.Saigal was struck with awe; Mukesh considered K.L. Saigal as his mentor and guru. However, it was Naushad who insisted Mukesh come out of Saigal’s way of singing and develop his own style. Naushad allowed Mukesh to sing for the film, ‘Andaz’. Earlier, it was Mukesh who was a ghost voice of Dilip Kumar, and Mohammed Rafi was considered the ultimate voice for Raj Kapoor. However later, when Dilip Kumar chose Rafi over Mukesh, it was Raj Kapoor who benefited the most in his career from the voice of Mukesh. Mukesh has also sung some melodious songs for Dilip Kumar such as ‘Ye Mera Diwanapan Hai’ (Yahudi), ‘Suhana Safar’, and ‘Dil Tadap Tadap Ke’ (Madhumati). Mukesh’s association with Raj Kapoor continued till ‘Satyam Shivam Sundaram’. In this movie, he had sung ‘Chanchal Sheetal’, which was the last song he recorded. The singer was the favourite singer of Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Yash Chopra and Basu Chatterjee. He had sung for all heroes such as Shammi Kapoor, Shashi Kapoor, Dharmendra, Jeetendra, Sunil Dutt, and Manoj Kumar, among others. He fetched the National Film Award for the song "Kai Baar Yuhi Dekha Hai", from the film, ‘Rajnigandha’ (1973), which was directed by Basu Chatterjee. His song from Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s film, ‘Anand’, became extremely popular, and it was composed by Salil Choudhury. Some of his notable songs are ‘Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaye’ and ’Maine Tere Liye Hi Saat Rang Ke Sapne’ (Anand) ‘Dost Dost Na Raha’ (Sangam), ‘Main Pal Do Pal Ka’ and ‘Kabhie Kabhie Mere Dil Mein’ (Kabhie Kabhie). Mukesh has sung songs for all music directors of his time such as Madan Mohan, Jaidev, Shankar Jaikishen, O.P. Nayyar, Ravi, Shankar Jaikishan, Kalyanji Anandji, R.D. Burman and Sachin Dev Burman. He has received the Filmfare Award, four times. Mukesh married Saral Trivedi, and the couple have five children. His son, Nitin Mukesh, was a singer in Hindi movies, and actor, Neil Nitin Mukesh, is his grandson. He passed away in Detroit, USA, while going there to perform for a musical concert. He passed away on 27 August, 1976. Mukesh is a recipient of the civilian honour of Padma Shri (1992). Another Version of this Bio... Mukesh Chand Mathur's birth was on 22 July, 1923, who was more eminently called Mukeshji or Mukesh. By profession, he was a singer of the Hindi cinema. Similar to Kishore Kumar and Mohammad Rafi, he was also a celebrated and a renowned playback singer in his epoch. He was born in the capital city called Delhi. He was a proud son of Zorawar Chand Mathur and Chand Rani. His father was an engineer. He was the 6th child amongst the family of 10 children. Initially, Mukesh’s sister used to learn to sing by her teacher named Sundar Pyari, and Mukesh used to locate himself in the juxtapose room to listen to Sundar Pyari. He completed his secondary education and left the school to work for the branch of Public Works. His experimentation of recording various types of voices helped him develop his singing ability. Mukesh married the daughter of a Gujarati Brahmin millionaire, Saral Trivedi. However, the father of Saral was not ready to accept the marriage of his daughter with someone whose profession was so immoral. In that era, singing was considered a disparaging vocation. Hence, with no other way to be together, they absconded and got married in a temple located in Kandivali on 22 July, 1946. Everyone suspected the endurance of this rebel couple’s matrimony. They expected that they would get annulled in no time, but they stayed happily married for 30 years and celebrated. The couple had five children namely Rita, a singer, Nitin, Nalini, Mohnish and Namrata alias Amrita. Neil Nitin Mukesh is his grandson. Mukesh died on 27 August, 1976 of a heart attack in Michigan. He went to Detroit, Michigan to perform at a concert. In the morning of 27 August, 1976, he ascended from his bed and bathed. He came out of the shower feeling perturbed regarding his chest pains. He was swiftly taken to the hospital and was stated lifeless. His concert was taken over by another influential singer of that time called Lata Mangeshkar. Mukesh’s carcass was consigned to India. An ostentatious funeral was held to pay homage and encomium to the deceased. Another version The Man with the Golden Voice was the nickname given to the India’s famous singing legend Mukesh. His evergreen songs stand as the best example for his extraordinary voice. Mukesh’s name is always mentioned along the side of Mohammed Rafi and Kishore, as the three greatest legends of the golden era in Hindi music.  Zoraver Chand Mathur was his original name, and he was born and brought up in Delhi. Mukesh discontinued his studies and worked for the Delhi Department of Public Works. Managing both his job and his love for music, he used to practice and experiment a lot with his voice and honed his singing skills through voice recordings. Mukesh was recognized during his performance in a marriage by then famous actor Motilal, and it was the turning point in his life. He was immediately taken to Bombay and given the training to improve his singing ability. In the movie Pehli Nazar released in 1945, he was given an opportunity to sing his first song. By 1948 he understood his singing style, and there was no turning back in his singing career. The following four playback tracks changed his life overnight; Jhoom Jhoom ke, Tu Kahe Agar, Nacho Aaj, Toote Na Dil Toote Na, Hum Aaj Kahin Dil Kho Baithe. When in 1948, Aag movie starring Raj Kapoor released with Mukesh’s music track, it changed the benchmarks in Hindi music industry. Their beautiful combination continued till 1975, and each and every music track was a jewel. Epitome expressions of Raj Kapoor were brilliantly matched to the wonderful songs given by Mukesh and they were nowhere to be matched to any other admirable thing. Mukesh released so many classics and innumerable hits while working with Raj Kapoor. The ones that deserve a remembrance are Shri 420, Awaara, Parvarish, Anari, Mera Naam Joker, Sangam and Kabhi Kabhi. Besides singing, he acted in few films too namely, Aadab Arz ,Aah, Mashuqa and Anurag. During his mid 20’s, he had a relationship with a girl named Saral Trivedi Raichand. Though the girl’s parents weren’t supportive of their relation, they married against their will and had a strong marriage for 30 years with five children. In 1976, while he was at a concert with Lata Mangeshkar, in Detroit, USA he had a heart attack and died when he was at the age of 53. Even after his departure, his songs are still celebrated, and they are one the best treasures for music lovers.   Another version  Mukesh Chand Mathur was a great singer in Bollywood. He received a ton of awards and nominations in his name for many of his signature songs. Mukesh Chand Mathur, popularly known as Mukesh was born on 22 July 1923 in Delhi, India. His father was Zorawar Chand Mathur while his mother was Chand Rani. He had nine siblings. Sundar Pyari, a singing tutor used to come to teach his sister and Mukesh would listen from the adjacent room. Sundar Pyari found the voice that Mukesh had and started training him too. After completing 10th grade, Mukesh along with working at the Department of Public Works in Delhi pursued singing as well. He did various voice recordings as well during the course of his time in Delhi. This helped him to nurture his singing abilities and his liking for various music instruments. Mukesh married Saral Trivedi on 22 July 1946 in a temple at Kandivali, a result of dissent of Saral’s father. Motilal, a famous actor, assisted and helped in the wedding. They had five children namely, Rita, Nalini, Namrata, Mohnish and the singer Nitin. Neil Nitin Mukesh is the grandson of Mukesh. Mukesh was discovered when he sang at his sister’s wedding by Motilal. Motilal was Mukesh’s distant relative. He helped him by arranging singing classes with Pandit Jagganath Prasad after getting him to Mumbai. Mukesh was offered Nirdosh released in 1941 for leading actor-singer role. Mukesh did the movie, and with acting, he sang his first song. It was named Dil Hi Bujha Hua Ho To. But his first playback song was in 1945 when he sang a song for Motilal in his movie Pehli Nazar. Mukesh’s debut playback song is Dil Jalta Hai To Jalne De. He found K.L. Saigal as his idol and used to imitate him in the initial years of singing. Mukesh has sung around 1300 songs in his singing career. He was the ghost voice of Dilip Kumar but later became the ghost voice of Raj Kapoor. He has worked with various legendary music directors like Naushad Ali, KalyanjiAnandji with whom he has sung most of his songs, Anil Biswas, Shankar Jaikishan, etc. Some of his best songs are Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein, Kabhie Kabhie, Jai Bolo Beimaan Ki, Chand Si Mehbooba Ho and countless others. Along with singing, he was casted in movies like AdabArz (1943), a guest role in Aah, a lead role in Anurag, Mashooka, etc. He has also produced movies like Malhar, Darling Film. He co-produced as well as composed the music for Anurag. He received National Film Award in the category of Best Male Playback Singer for his songin the movie Rajnigandha called Kai Baar Yuhi Dekha Hai. He received four Filmfare awards for his songs Sab Kuch Seekha Humne, Jai Bolo Beimaan Ki, Sabse Bada Naadan, and Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein. He has also received four other nominations at Filmfare Awards and three wins at the Bengal Film Journalists’ Association Awards. Mukesh died of heart attack in Detroit, Michigan, the USA on 27 August 1976. He was there for a concert with Lata Mangeshkar. The concert was completed by his son Nitin Mukesh along with Lata Mangeshkar. He is lived by his sons and daughters and his evergreen songs

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Mahendra Kapoor

Mahendra Kapoor was a playback singer in 1960’s, and he became popular for singing songs for music composers like O P Nayyar and Ravi. He was inspired by singers like Mohammed Rafi and even Mohammed Rafi congratulated him many times for the quality of his voice; Rafi found Mahendra’s voice a bit classical. Overall, the singer has sung  2,500 songs in various Indian languages. He was noticed for singing in every movie of B.R.Chopra and their association continued till the release of NIkkah.  The singer shot to fame and popularity with songs such as 'Chalo Ek Baar Phir Se Ajnabi Ban Jayen Hum Dono' (Gumrah), and 'Neele Gagan Ke Tale' (Hamraaz). He made his debut in playback singing in V. Shantaram's Navrang in 1958, singing Aadha Hai Chandrama Raat Aadhi, under the musical direction of C. Ramchandra. He was noticed through this song, and he was the voice of many of the movies of Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar and Manoj Kumar. Manoj Kumar replaced Talat Mehmood and had given consideration for Mahendra Kapoor in his films like ‘Purab Aur Paschim’, ‘Upkar’, ‘Kranti’, ‘Roti Kapada Aur Makaan’ and ‘Shor’.   Mahendra also sang a duet with Mohammed Rafi for Dilip Kumar’s ‘Aadmi’(1967). The song was ‘Kaisi Haseen Aaj Baharon Ki Rat’ picturised on Dilip Kumar and Manoj Kumar.  He received National Award for best male playback singer for Manoj Kumar’s film ‘Upkar’. The song ‘"Mere Desh Ki Dharti’ was composed by Kalyanji Anandji and had Mahendra singing for it.  Mahendra also sang a famous duet with Lata Mangeshkar for ‘Jiske Sapne Hame Roj Aate Rahe’ which was composed by Kalyanji Anandji. Some of his notable songs are ‘Neele Gagan Ke Tale" (Hamraaz), "Chalo Ek Baar" (Gumrah) and "Kisi Pathar Ki Moorat Se"(Hamraaz).  He also sang for Laxmikant Pyarelal, Ravindra Jain, R.D. Burman, etc. The singer also sang for Marathi movies and was considered the ghost voice for Dada Kondke.  Mahendra was born on 9 January 1934 in Punjab. He came to Bombay after he had won the Metro Murphy All-India singing competition. Here he got a break to sing in movies. Although he was inspired by Mohammed Rafi, he created a style of his own in playback singing. This talented singer had a classical training from various classical singers such as Ustad Abdul Rehman Khan and Pt.Tulsidaas Sharma to name a few. Mahendra was the recipient of Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1972. The singer was married and had a son Rohan Kapoor, who is a singer and actor. The singer passed away on 27 September 2008 in Mumbai.

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Mahendra Kapoor Hindi Actor

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