Majrooh Sultanpuri was born in Sultanpur on October 1, 1919. He is an Urdu poet and Hindi lyricist and songwriter. His birth name is Asrar Ul Hassan Khan. He was born in Uttar Pradesh and belongs to Tarin Pashtun family. His father was a policeman. As his father was not able to afford expensive schools, he did not receive English education. So, he went for ‘Madarsa Education.’ He completed Dars- e-Nizami in both Persian and Arabic. It was a seven course, and he went on to be an Alim. He then went to Takmeen-Ut-Tib College of Unani in Lucknow.

In 1938 he graduated and struggled to become an Hakim. The Ghazal he recited in Sultanpur became famous and got appreciated by everyone. That was when he took poetry passionately. He chanted at different mushairas and earned popularity. At the time, he became a friend of Jigar Moradabadi. Majrooh considered Jigar as his mentor.

Majrooh went to Saboo Siddique Institute in Bombay for a mushaira in 1945. The audience appreciated his ghazals. A.R. Kardar was one of the audiences. Majrooh was not interested in working for films, and he refused to work for it. But Jigar convinced him that films would earn him money and help him take care of his family. Kardar took him to Naushad, music composer. Naushad tested Mahrooj with a tune. Naushad got impressed with impressed and signed him for Shah Jehan as the lyricist. The songs became a great hit. In a few days, he fell ill. So, he went back to his hometown due to severe Bombay weather. He then worked for the films Andaaz and Aarzoo.

He rooted himself as a songwriter and lyricist. But his revolutionary leanings led him to trouble. So, he was jailed in 1949 by the government. He refused to apologize and was sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment. His family faced many economic difficulties while he was in prison. In 1956 he wrote songs for well-known Hindi films.

Majrooh and Faiz Ahmed Faiz were distinguished ghazal writers. For "Chahunga Mein Tujhe Saanj Savere" he won the Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist. It was from the film Dosti. In 1993 he received Dadasaheb Phalke Award. He was the first lyricist to win that prestigious award. His other awards include the Film Writers Association Award, Iqbal Samman, Film Journalist Award. He also received Hindu- Urdu Sahitya Award and Maharashtra State Urdu Academy Award. Majrooh died on May 24, 2000 in Bombay due to Pneumonia.

Shailendra Hindi Actor

Shailendra

Shailendra is a renowned lyricist of Hindi cinema. His real name is Shankardas Kesrilal. He has left a legacy behind which is unmatched till date. He has written many hit songs which not only became famous in India but also in abroad. Shailendra was born in Rawalpindi then his family moved to Mathura. However, his ancestral roots were from Aara district of Bihar. He did his schooling from Kishore Raman School where he ended up meeting with Indra Bahadur Khare, a famous poet, and writer. They both furnished their art of poetry with each other. After few years, Shailendra went to Bombay to pursue a career in Bollywood. In Bombay, during the struggle period, he worked as an apprentice in Matunga workshop. During this period, he wrote many poems. He started participating in mushaira to continue his passion and one day when he was singing “Jalta hai Punjab”, he was lucky enough to get the attention of the then superstar Raj Kapoor. Raj Kapoor offered a sum of money to Shailendra for his poetry but he refused as being a part of IPTA team, he was against of mainstream cinema. However, he had to join hands with Raj Kapoor when he was in much need of money. Shailendra and the music composers, Shankar-Jaikishan gave many hits including Awara Hoon, Ramaiya Vastavaiya, Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh, Gata Rahe Mera Dil, Piya Tose Naina Lage Re, Kya Se Kya Ho Gaya, Har Dil Jo Pyar Karega, Dost Dost Na Raha, Khoya Khoya Chand, Pyar Hua Ikrar Hua Hai, Ajeeb Dastan Hai Yeh, Jhoomti Chali Hawa and many more songs. In 1961, Shailendra invested a heavy sum of money in the production of the movie, “Teesri Kasam” starring Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman, directed by Basu Bhattacharya and unfortunately it turned out to be a failure at the box office. However, it won National Award for Best Feature film. Consequently, Shailendra developed an alcohol addiction and with constant anxiety and a huge financial loss, he lost his life. His son, Shaily Shailendra (at that time just 17 years of age) completed his father’s half-written song, Jeena Yahan Marna Yahan when Raj Kapoor asked him as this song was to be included in the movie, “Mera Naam Joker”. This song became a huge success and the movie “Mera Naam” Joker also did very well at the box office. Shailendra won Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist thrice for songs Yeh Mera Deewanapan Hai, Sab Kuch Seekha Humne and Main Gau Tum Sab Soo Jao.

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Anand Bakshi

Anand Bakshi was an old poet and lyricist with his popularity in the Hindi film industry. Anand Bakshi He was born in Rawalpindi, a part of India in 1930 which later got converted into a Pakistan city after independence in 1947. His mother died when he was five years old. Due to the partition of India and Pakistan, on October 2, 1947, Bakshi’s family shifted themselves to Delhi. Initially, Bakshi was in the Indian Army after completing his studies. In the free time, he used to write songs occasionally while working for the army. Bakshi initially tried to become a writer or a singer in the Hindi films, but later he found his talent in writing songs. His first entry into movies as a lyricist was “Bhaala Aadmi” which cast the famous old actor “Bhagwan Dada” in it. He made his first success in the year in the movie “Mehendi Lagi Meri Haath.” His another project in 1962 was “KalaSamundar”. He had written lyrics for the two big hit movies in the year 1965 namely “Himalaya Ki God Mein” and “Jab Jab Phool Khile.” In 1967, he wrote songs for the hit movie “Milan” in which Sunil Dutt was the hero. In 1972, he got a chance to sing songs in the movie “Mom Ki Gudiya” which was directed by Mohan Kumar. He also sang for further four movies namely “Sholay,” “Maha Chor,” “Charas,” “ Balika Badhu” which got released during the years 1975 – 1976. Anand Bakshi got Heart and lung disease as a result of chain smoking. At the age of 72, Anand Bakshi died due to multiple organ failures. His Last lyrics were for the film “Mehbooba” which was produced during the year 2000 but released in the year 2008. Throughout his career, Bakshi has written 3500 songs for 638 movies, which is not an ordinary man’s work. He could be a legend who still lives in the form of his songs. His Grandson namely Aditya Dutt is a film director who has directed nearly seven movies as of 2016. His works include projects like Yaadein, Mohabbattein, Taal, Dushman, Heer Raanjha, Pardes, Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge, Mohra, Hum, Nagin, Dharam Veer, Sholay, Seeta Aur Geeta, Aya Sawan Jhoom Ke,Aye Din Bahar Ke, Mera Gaon Mera Desh, Jeene Ki Raah, Aradhana, Amar Prem and Bobby. After his death in 2002, he was survived by Kamala Mohan Bakshi, his wife and his two sons and two daughters namely Rakesh Bakshi, Rajesh Bakshi, Kavita Bali and Suman Datt.

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Anand Bakshi Hindi Actor