Ramanand Sagar is an Indian filmmaker, director, and writer who has made numerous hit films in Bollywood and enthralled the audiences over few decades. But he became a household name by directing the famous TV serial ‘
Ramayan’ which had
Arun Govil and Deepika in the cast. This TV serial was telecast on Doordarshan and could keep the viewers intact for hours on Sunday afternoon every week. The serial was appreciated even in non-Hindi speaking areas.
Ramanand was born in Lahore (Pakistan) on 29 December 1917. He came to Mumbai after Partition and worked as assistant manager in Prithvi Theatres of
Prithviraj Kapoor. Earlier, during the era of silent movies, he was based in Punjab and worked as a clapper boy too. After meeting Kapoor, he directed a few plays for the theater company. He shot to fame as a tory-writer with Raj Kapoor’s Barsaat that had Nargis in the cast, and the film was a hit. He then worked in a couple of movies likes ‘
Raj Kumar’, ‘Palgham’,’Rajput’ for which he wrote the screenplay and dialogues.
The film ‘Paigham’ fetched Ramanand best dialogue writer award from Filmfare; the movie had
Dilip Kumar, Vyjayanthimala and
Raaj Kumar in lead roles. In ‘Rajput’ (1958), he again wrote the screenplay and the film featured notable actors like
Gemini Ganesan, Pran, Padmini, and Vyjayanthimala. The film was a remake of Tamil film Vanjikottai Valiban. Even '
Rajkumar' was a biggest blockbuster movie that had Sadhana and
Shammi Kapoor. In 1969, he directed his first movie'Ghunghat' for Gemini Studios that was produced by S.S. Vasan. The film was declared a hit and had
Pradeep Kumar and
Bharat Bhushan in the lead cast. S. S. Vasan gave him another chance to direct a movie ‘
Zindagi’ (1964) which had star cast like
Rajendra Kumar, Vyjayanthimala, Raaj Kumar. But it was with ‘Arzoo’(1965), ‘
Aankhen’(1968) and ‘’Geet’(1970), he established himself as a successful filmmaker. He directed all these movies under Sagar Art Productions, and every film was a milestone in Ramanand Sagar’s career. He repeated same magic at the box office with film ‘Charas’ (1976) that featured Dharmendra and
Ramanand Sagar will be remembered for songs in films like ‘Arzoo,' ‘Geet’ and ‘Aankhen’. He received the best director award from Filmfare for his directorial ability in 'Aankhen'. He repeated actors like Sadhana, Dharmendra, Rajendra Kumar and Hema Malini in many movies as he found them as the lucky mascot. After Charas, his magic spell in box-office seemed to have vanished away as he directed many off-beat stories that proved a disaster for his career. Later after switching to TV(with Ramayan), he made a few more successful TV series such as ‘
Sai Baba’, ‘
Luv Kush’, ‘
Vikram Aur Betaal’ and ‘
Ramanand proved lucky for Doordarshan and resumed his magic on the small screen. He passed away on 12 December 2005 in Mumbai. He is the recipient of Padma Shri in 2000 by Government of India.