Vengalil Krishnan Krishna Menon is known as V.K.Krishna Menon. Menon was born in Thiruvangad Thalassery, but after that, he moved to Panniyankara at Kozhikode in Kerala. He was born in the family of British Malabar. His parents are Komath Krishna Kurup Advocate. He took his education at Zamorin's College, Kozhikode. He graduated in B.A History and Economics from Presidency College by the year 1918. After that he started his graduation in Madras Law College. While studying there, he was influenced greatly by the words of Annie Besant and her Home Rule Movement. He then became the lead for the Brothers of Service and received the gift of traveling to England by the year 1924.

In London, he continued his education at University College and London School of Economics. Menon was described as the best student by Harold Laski. By 1930, he received the honor of being in First class for M.A. in Psychology. He worked at Twentieth Century Library and by the year 1930 he had also worked in Pelican books under the founder Sir Allen Lane. Later he joined in Labor party and called nominee for the Councilor of St.PAncras London. He was also nominated for Dundee Parliamentary Constituency by Labour Party. During 1939 he got relieved from the Labour party due to protest but later joined in by 1944. He became an active participant of India's Independence.

He played several roles such as Journalist, Secretary of India League between the year 1929 and 1947, Close friend of Ex-Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Bertrand Russell, Michael Foor, E.M.Forster, J.B.S. Haldane and Aneurin Bevan. He also edited the Preface Entitled Condition in India with the help of Russell. After the Independence of India, till 1952 he was given the position of High Commissioner for the United Kingdom. After that, his distrust was extended to the United Kingdom itself and was thus eventually lead to MI5 to make him a serious Menace to security. He was kept under surveillance from the year 1929 after that he was identified as a serious worker for the Indian Revolutionary Movement.

By 2007, MI5 files consist of a hundred of pages that cover Menon's phone call transcript and conversations with several statesman and Nehru. He was honored with the reputation for his brilliance in handling complex and critical international political issues which included a ceasefire in Indo-china, Peace plan in Korea, Disarmament talks, and French withdrawal from the UN over Algeria. He was the last foreigner to visit Joseph Stalin before Stalin’s death during February 17 for the Meet of Soviet Union. Menon died on October 6, 1974, at the age of 78. Later on, Menon's Institute was established in the year 2006. The aim of this institute is to award commemorates from India as well as from Asia.

E K Nayanar Tamil Actor

E K Nayanar

E K Nayanar was born on 9th December 1919 in Kalliasseri, a place in Kerala. His father’s name was Govindan Nambiar and his father believed in feudalism. Despite his father’s believing, he had chosen his cousin path, and at a small age, he started his leadership in support of his cousin K.P.R Gopalan. For being a leader from a very young age, he became a part of several students’ movements which were held in the Malabar region and for this, he was dropped out of his school. Since being a youth, he showed his interest in joining the party and then he joined the party named as the ‘Communist Party of India in the year 1939’and also organized several movements. He was jailed for six months. The forty-six-day protest was led by him as the mill management had dismissed thirty workers from the mill in 1940. He was also involved in organizing a rally on 15th Sept 1940 in Morazha where the people joined him in protest of the increasing prices. He went hiding for six years as he felt that he was one of the accused for the two policemen who died in the rally organized by him. At those times, he became a journalist and worked for ‘Kerala Kaumudi’. The people elected him as Kannur Taluk Secretary in 1948. Nayanar was accused as a pro-Chinese and was jailed in 1964 during the Sino-Indian war under the ‘Preventive Detention Act’. Nayanar became the Secretary of the United CPI of the Kozhikode district from 1956 to 1964. The people elected him as the MLA from Palakkad in 1967. Since he was an active leader of the party and he was elected as the Chief Minister of the state in 1980. The government was formed by him in which Congress party supported him. The two leaders such as A.K. Antony and K.M. Mani also supported him. Being a Coalition government, it was dissolved on 20th October 1981, and he became the leader of the opposition party from 1981 to 1987. Nayanar became Chief Minister for the second time in 1987. Being a Chief Minister, he did various things for the state. Some of the reforms are listed below which were introduced by him are as follows ‘The Kerala Coir Workers’ Welfare Fund Act, 1987’: - The act aimed to provide the fund and relief to the workers, and the Act was for the welfare of the workers. The aim of the Act was to provide support to the workers. It was a financial support which includes pension to the workers who were working in Coir industry. ‘The Act for the Kerala Khadi Workers’ 1989’: - This act also focusses on providing the pension so that the workers working in Khadi industry would get relief and they can lead a happy life. ‘The Act for Abkari Workers’ welfare, 1989’: - This act also aimed to provide support to the Abkari workers so they may live happily and peacefully. ‘The Kerala, Construction Workers’ Welfare Fund Act, 1989’: - The act was most emphasized for the workers who were working in the construction sites, and they got daily wages to meet the meals for a day. The act was to support them financially. ‘The Kerala Ration Dealer’s Welfare Fund Act, 1998’: - The act provided funding and aimed to grant relief, and to promote the welfare of the ration dealers in the state of Kerala. During his tenure, The Kannur University was established. He also set up a government college in 1981. The college was renamed after him as E.K. Nayanar Memorial Government College. He died on 19th May 2004. He was a devoted and honest politician. May his soul rest in peace.


V. S. Achuthanandan

V.S.Achuthanadan was born on October 20th, 1923, in Alappuzha District, Kerala. He was born to Sankaran and Accamma. He lost his mother and Father at an earlier age. He stopped his school education after finishing seventh standard. He then started his career by working at a tailoring shop by helping his elder brother. After that, he moved to coir factory for meshing coir to make ropes. He then started his political entry by doing Agriculture works in Kuttanadu. He worked with the fullest dedication in coir factory even at the age of sixteen under A.K. Gopalan and A.V. Kunjambu. Though he lacked initial education, he became very dedicated towards reading and was sincere for his works. His freedom movement was begun by Krishna Pillai, after which he became an active participant of Freedom movement and Communist Movement. He started in front for the Freedom Struggle against the policies of C.P.Ramasamy. By October 28th, 1946, he was arrested and locked up. He almost spent five years in Jail. Achuthanandan played a crucial role for Land Struggles in Kerala. After that, he became a strong opposition party in the Kerala Assembly with a Good Public support. He entered into his political career with the help of Trade Union activities, and later he joined State Congress by the year 1983. By 1940 he joined with Communist Party of India. He played the role of State Secretariat Member of the Communist Party for the year 1957. He then became the Secretary of the Kerala State Committee between 1980 and 1982. He played several roles in his Political career. By 1985, he became the member of the Politburo. He was elected as a Member of Kerala Legislative Assembly for the year 1967, 1970, 1991, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016. He also became opposition party in the Kerala Assembly for the years 1992 to 1996, 2001 to 2006 and 2011 to 2016. He also played the role of editor for the magazine Deshabhimani daily and for the CPI (M) Mouthpiece which was issued in Malayalam. Between April and May 2006, He participated in the Assembly election of Kerala and competed and won against Satheesan Pancheeni. He also became the Chief Minister of Kerala with about twenty minister member Cabinet. He was the oldest chief minister of the whole India. He contributed several good welfares for the state of Kerala. He planned and initiated several IT parks in Kollam and Thrissur. He also provides support for the major developments in Kochi Info Park and Trivandrum Techno Park; IT parks in Alappuzha and in Kozhikode which is a cyber park. He also motivates for the development of Tourism circuit in Ashtamudi.

V. S. Achuthanandan Tamil Actor