Born on April 7, 1920, in Banaras, Uttar Pradesh, Rabindra Shankar Chowdhary was a composer of Hindustani classical music, legendary Sitar player, and Indian musician. He is the son of Hemangini Devi and Shyam Shankar, who was a lawyer. His older sibling Uday Shankar Uday Shankar is one the most well-known Indian fil >> Read More... was a well-known Indian classical dancer. He belonged to a Bengali family. He spent the majority of his childhood learning dance and music and visiting widely in India and Europe with dance group of his sibling Uday Shankar. He quit dancing, and for the following seven years he concentrated the sitar (a classical music instrument) under the prominent artist Ustad Allauddin Khan at the age of 18.

In the wake of filling in as music executive of All-India Radio from 1948 to 1956, he started a series of American and European visits. He performed first time in front of the public in India in 1939. After completing his formal learning in 1944, he shifted to Bombay. He began a recording profession with Indian member of HMV and started by creating scores for ballet and movies. It was amid the 50's that he ended up noticeably celebrated in the realm of music foreign countries. He has performed in important events such as Edinburgh Festival and furthermore at imperative spots as Royal Festival Hall of London. In 1965, George Harrison, the member of the band name The Beatles started experimentation with the Sitar.

Therefore, the two performers met and their enthusiasm for the Sitar made them good companions. Ravi Shankar's profession got an instant popularity as he became Harrison's guide. He got numerous chances to grandstand his ability as a classical artist in occasions such as Monterey Pop Festival, California in 1967 next to Ustad Allah Rakha, the Tabla maestro. He likewise played out an opening act amid U.S visit of George Harrison in 1974. He was affectionately called the Godfather of World Music by George Harrison. He has created two perfect symphony works of art for orchestra and Sitar and Sitar and Violin composition for Yehudi Menuhin, the famous violinist.

He has additionally formed music for Jean-Pierre Rampal, the flute prodigy, Musumi Miyashita, Koto (Japanese stringed musical instrument) instrumentalist and Hozan Yamamoto, the Japanese flute artist. He has made the melodic score for motion pictures such as Gandhi and Charly, Chappaqua, Apu Trilogy. He even got select for an Academy Award for his piece in this film. His recording named "Tana Mana" skillfully mixes the conventional instruments with electronics in 1987. He additionally made the Sitar part in "Orion" creation of Philip Glass Composers are often known to immortalize music thr >> Read More... . In the early 1960s, his show performances with Yehudi Menuhin and his relationship with George Harrison conveyed Indian music to the consideration of the West.

Among the various artists affected by Shankar's compositional style were John Coltrane, the jazz saxophonist and Philip Glass, the composer with whom Shankar teamed up on the collection Passages in 1990. Without a doubt, particularly incredible Among Shankar's achievements are his similarly master participation in Indian-affected Western music and classical Indian music. Most features for the last activity are his concerti for orchestra and Sitar, especially Raga-Mala ("Garland of Ragas"), which was first time perform in the year 1981. Amid his lifetime he got Grammy Awards for the collections West Meets East, a joint effort with Menuhin in 1966; The Concert for Bangladesh, an arrangement of show by Bob Dylan, Shankar and Harrison in 1971; and Full Circle, a live recording of an execution with his little girl Anoushka Shankar Anoushka Shankar is a composer, singer, and sitar >> Read More... at Carnegie Hall in 2001.

In 1997 he got the Premium Imperial prize by Japan Art Association for music. Shankar kept giving shows into his 90s, habitually joined by Anoushka, who, similar to her dad, spent significant time in mixing Indian and Western conventions. Additionally, daughter of Shankar is Norah Jones, various Grammy-winning artist, and lyricist, who discovered her specialty in an eclectic mix of country, jazz, and pop music. Shankar left the world on 11 December of 2012. Two months after his demise, he got fourth Grammy Honor, for his personal collections of ragas titled The Living Room Sessions Part 1. Additionally, around then, he was regarded with the Recording Academy's lifetime accomplishment grant. Notwithstanding his entirely melodic endeavors, Shankar composed two collections of memoirs, distributed 30 years separately: Raga Mala and My Life, My Music.

Bismillah Khan Hindi Actor

Bismillah Khan

Born on March 21, 1916, in Buxar, Bihar, Ustad Bismillah Khan was an incredible Indian shehnai (the classical musical instrument) virtuoso of Benares. He was from traditional Shia Muslim family. He was the second child of the Mitthan and Paigambar Khan, so as to rhyme with his sibling Shamsuddin, his birth name was Qamaruddin. Rasool Baksh Khan, his grandfather exclaimed word "Bismillah" in the wake of caring him as an infant. The ancestors of the Bismillah Khan were court artists, and they acclimated to perform in the Naqqar Khana at the princely province of Bhojpur (presently in Bihar). His father executed shehnai, the musical instrument at the Maharaja Keshav Prasad Singh court of the Dumraon mansion, Bihar. He shifted to Varanasi, at six years old. He got training from his uncle, the shehnai player late Ali Baksh 'Vilayatu', who is connected to Vishwanath Temple of Varanasi. The Government of Bihar has offered to build a historical center, library cum a town hall and establishment of a huge statue in Dumraon, his birthplace. Bismillah Khan was the devotee of the Saraswathi (the Hindu Goddess of insight and expressions) even though being from Muslim family. He was likewise fanatic of the numerous Indian artists and played shehnai at the Hindu sanctuaries including the famous Vishwanath Temple at the banks of the Ganges river in Varanasi. He had performed for perfect maven the Prem Rawat. He was the only one who played shehnai perhaps single-handedly. In 1937, he gave shehnai the center platform of Indian music in his shows of In the All India Music Conference of Calcutta. He was one of the best performers in the classical music of India, and he is eminent for his monopoly over the shehnai and Hindu-Muslim solidarity. In his entire life, he had played shehnai to his gatherings of people all over the world and spread the idea of love and peace through his music. He was entirely devoted to his art, and he alluded his shehnai, after the passing of his better half, as his begum. On his death, shehnai has been additionally buried with his dead body. Bismillah Khan had won the rarest uncommon respect of performing in Delhi on the night of the India's Independence Day at the Red Fort in 1947. At the first Republic Day custom, he likewise performed out the Raga Kafi from the Red Fort on 26 January in 1950. This execution of him is considered as an exceptional piece of the Independence Day festivities of India, and his show is broadcast each year on Doordarshan channel on the fifteenth of August. Doordarshan channel telecasts the live execution of shehnai soon after the speech of Prime Minister in Old Delhi at Lal Qila. This ritual is pursued from the time of Pandit Nehru. He had a short history in the Indian films. In the Kannada motion picture Sanaadi Appanna, he played his shehnai for the part of Rajkumar. He acted in film Jalsaghar by Satyajit Ray. In 1959, he played Shania in movie Goonj Uthi Shehnai. Goutam Ghose, the film director, made a biopic on the Bismillah Khan's life the motion picture Sange Meel Se Mulaqat. Bismillah Khan rare acknowledged students. He met the present master of Namdhari Sikhs, Satguru Jagjit Singh Ji and saw the skillful youth, Baljit Singh Namdhari, playing the Tarshenai. He invited Baljit Singh Namdhari as a pupil. In 1999, he took two more tutees, Gurbaksh Singh and Kirpal Singh Namdhari playing Tarshenai. He also had Usthad Hassan Bhai, who is at present in Kasaragod, as a student. On 17 August 2006, he got sick and admitted to the Heritage Hospital for his treatment in Lanka Varanasi. He kicked the bucket soon after the fourth day of his entrance into the clinic on 21 August 2006 because of the constant heart attacks. He abandoned a huge family of three girls, five sons and many of grandchildren. The Government of India has proclaimed his passing day, a day of national grieving. At the Fate main graveyard, his body was covered together with Shehnai, his begum in the Varanasi underneath the neem tree. His burial ceremony finished with the 21-weapon salute from the Indian Army. Ustad Bismillah Khan received the Yuva Puraskar, for being young artists in the area of music, dance and theater, in his honor in 2007. He was granted India's most astounding civilian respect, the Bharat Ratna, turning into the third classical artist after Ravi Shankar and M. S. Subbalakshmi in 2001. Many recognitions and awards are to his credits.


Annapurna Devi

Annapurna Devi (Roshanara Khan) was born on 16 April 1927 at Maihar, Madhya Pradesh. She was the daughter of Ustad Alauddin Khan and Madanmanjari Devi, a legendary Sitar and Surbahar player. Her father worked as a musician under Maharaja Brijnath Singh (who named khan’s daughter as Annapurna Devi). Her father was the founder of “Senia Maihar School” of Hindustani Classical Music. She married Ravi Shankar, a sitar maestro in 1941.They have a son, Shubhendra Shankar who was also a musician. In 1962 Annarpurna Devi divorced her husband and stopped performing public programs. Later in 1982, she married Rooshikumar Pandya (Her Student). Apart from music, she was a good housewife. As a woman, she wakes up early and does all house chores even if she is sick. Ali Akbar Khan, the brother of Annapurna, was a legendary sarod maestro, who was considered as a “National Living Treasure” in India and the USA. Some of her disciples who gave fame to her are Hariprasad Chaurasia, Nikhil Banerjee, Amit Bhattacharya and Sasawatti Saha. Annapurna Devi was born with natural talent. She quickly became a very accomplished Surbahar Player, from her father's guidance and knowledge. She began taking classes and guiding many of her father’s disciples in classical music as well as in techniques and methods of instrumental performances. Many of his disciples have been trained by her in various instruments. Some of the notable disciples Aashish Khan Debsharma – Sarod maestro, Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia, and Nityanand Haldipur – Renowned flutists, Pandit Nikhil Banerjee and Sasawatti Saha – Sitarists. List of some more students include: Sitar – Leena Vaze, Amit Hiren Roy, Sandhya Apte. Sarode – State Dey, Uma Guha, Shyamal Sen. Milind Sheorey (Flute) and Kokila Rai (Surbahar). They all carry-on an inheritance of Annapurna’s and Alauddin Khan’s, music through their performance. She is also a key figure of the association, Acharya Alauddin Music Circle (Association brought in the memory of late Alauddin Khan) to promote Indian classical music, in Mumbai. She was highly respected in Indian classical music for her talent in all fields of music and, her traditional “dhrupad” approach to music. In 1977, she was honored with the Padma Bhushan Award. In 1991, she was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award. In 1999, she was awarded, the Deshikottam, an Honorary Doctorate by Nobel laureate. Again in 2004, she was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award by Indian Government. The Most interesting fact however is, that she has never recorded her music albums.

Annapurna Devi Hindi Actress