Salil Chowdhury was a music composer, instrumentalist, and poet from India. Though he has worked in most of the regional languages like Marathi, Gujarathi, Assamese, and others, his most poignant works are in Hindi, Bengali, and Malayalam languages. He was born in a small village Harinavi, 24 Parganas, Bengal Presidency, British India, on November 19, 1922.

Salil would spend a lot of his time in tea fields. His father was a doctor. Once an Irish doctor gave him his collection of western classical. Salil's father would listen to it on his gramophone. He would cast coolies and people having lower income in his stage shows. Salil grew up listening to Chopin, Beethoven, Mozart, Tchaikovsky, and others. Of all of these, Mozart was his most favorite. Salil learned to play flute on his own.

Salil went to Harinavi D.V.A.S High School and Bangabasi College, Calcutta. During his time in Bangabasi College, he became politically aware and joined Indian People's Theater Association. Salil would compose tunes and songs for it. All his work became extremely popular among the locals of the regions were Indian People's Theater Association traveled. In fact, leading singers of those times would also croon his songs. 

Slowly, Salil veered towards Bengali cinema and composed music for more films like Paribortan, Mahabharati, and others. In 1953, he worked on his first Hindi movie named Do Bigha Zamin. The film's music was a huge success, and it made Salil even more famous.

In his twenty years long career, he has been part of more than hundred motion pictures like Onde Roopa Eradu Guna, Nehru: The Jewel of India, Agar Aisa Ho Toh, In Search of Famine, and others. His well-wishers call him Salilda. Salil also had a knack for spotting talent. He once predicted that the guitarist working for him would soon become renowned.

His prediction turned genuine as he turned out to be Maestro Ilaiyaraaja. R. K Shekhar, A. R. Rahman's father used to arrange Salil's session. It inspired Rahman immensely. Salil has also won Filmfare Award, Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, and Karnataka State Film Award.

In 1953, he married Jyoti Chowdhury. The couple had three daughters named Lipika, Alaka, and Tulika. A few years later, Salil got hitched to Sabita Chowdhury. She bore two sons named Sanjoy and Sukanta, and two daughters labelled Sanchari and Antara. Most of Salil's children flourished in their creative fields. Suresh Rao has authored a book on him named Salil Chowdhury: The Non-conformist Genius.

Anand Chitragupth Hindi Actor

Anand Chitragupth

Anand Chitragupth is an Indian music composer who works in the Hindi film industry. His birthday is on 21st December. He is also known as Anand Shrivastav. He and his brother Milind Shrivastava are the music composer duo Anand – Milind. They have composed about a thousand songs for more than two hundred Bollywood movies. Anand is the son of the famous mid 90’s Bollywood music composer Chitragupta Shrivastava. He has a daughter named Gauri Anand. Anand attended high school at the St. Theresa’s High School in Bandra. In 1984, Anand and Milind made their Bollywood film industry debut with the movie Ab Ayega Mazaa directed by Pankaj Parashar. In 1982, they recorded their first song Raja Tere Raste Se for the 1984 film with singer Lata Mangeshkar. Anand and Milind came under the spotlight for their work in the romance flick Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak in 1988. They are still remembered for the film’s song Papa Kehte Hain Bara Naam Karega which introduced Aamir Khan to the Hindi film industry. The song was used in Hum Saath Saath Hain parody series, Andaz Apna Apna comedy movie and was recreated in the 2013 flick Student Of The Year. They won a Filmfare Award under the Best Music Director category in 1988. Anand and Milind also worked in the Tollywood film industry in the Telugu film Idhi Maa Ashokgadi Love Story in 2002. Anand and Milind worked in the Hindi television industry. They composed the theme music and the title track for the primetime detective series Karamchand directed by Bollywood director Pankaj Parashar. They also created the theme music for the historical fantasy drama serial Chandramukhi directed by Sunil Agnihotri. They also made the soundtrack for the video magazine Lehren. They judged the contestants in some episodes of the music show Sa Re Ga Ma Pa before the introduction of the vote by viewers system in the series. In 1999, Anand and Milind worked as the guest composer for their song Tanhai in Dillagi directed and starred by Sunny Deol. Tanhai was originally meant for Pahlaj Nihlani’s movie Indian which was cancelled. Anand and Milind were also guest composers for Sawan Barse Tarse Dil in Dahek, Janam Samjha Karo in 1999, Chhota Chetan in 1997 and Rakht in 2004. Anand and Milind were also nominated for Filmfare Awards under the Best Music Director category for the Bollywood flicks Baaghi in 1990, Dil in 1990 and Beta in 1992. Anand and Milind composed music for Sharon Prabhakar’s albums like Shabash Sharon, Shararat and The Best Of Sharon Prabhakar.

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Anil Biswas

Anil Krishna Biswas was an Indian playback singer and music composer who is considered as one of the forefathers of playback singing in the Indian cinema. He introduced pure choral effects and orchestral music to the film industry besides being the first to make use of the twelve-piece orchestra in Indian music. He was born on 7th July 1914 in a small village in the Barisal district of Bangladesh (then East Bengal) to J.C. Biswas. He used to act in stage plays at local theatres as a child artist. Music fascinated him from a very young age and by the time he was fourteen, he had mastered the art of playing tabla. He spent his childhood playing and composing music for the local concerts. In his early youth, he was actively involved in the Indian Independence Movement due to which he was often jailed. After his father’s demise in 1930, he left for Kolkata in disguise to avoid arrest. In Kolkata, he gathered fame for his skills in musical composition, following which he joined the Rangmahal Theatre as an actor, singer, and assistant music director. During his stay there, he refined himself in singing styles of thumri, dadra, and khayal besides becoming a virtuoso in devotional music. He later worked with the Hindustan Recording Company alongside Sachin Dev Burman and Kundan Lal Saigal under the renowned poet, Kazi Nazrul Islam, which led to his potential being recognized by music director, Hiren Bose, at whose suggestion Biswas went to Mumbai in 1934. Biswas became a part of the East Art Syndicate, managed by Ram Daryani, whom he assisted him in composing music for “Baal Hatya” and “Bharat Ki Beti” in 1935; this presented him with the opportunity to make his debut as a music composer with ‘Kuch Bhi Nahi Bharosa’ for “Dharam Ki Devi” (1935). The next eleven years saw Biswas enchant the audience with his melodies in movies such as “Jagirdar” (1937), “Teen Sau Din Ke Baad” (1938), “Hum Tum Aur Woh” (1939), “Watan” (1938), “Alibaba” (1940), “Aurat” (1940) and “Bahen” (1941). In 1942, he employed the western musical technique of ‘cantala’ to create prose songs for Mehboob Khan’s “Roti” (1942); he collaborated with Akhtari Bai Faizabadi in songs that were supposed to feature in Roti but deleted due to conflict of contracts of their respective record labels. Devika Rani invited him to join Bombay Talkies, where he composed his greatest hits for Ashok Kumar’s “Kismet” (1943), including 'Papihaare,' 'Door Hato Aayi Duniyaa Waalon,' and 'Dheere Dheere Aare Badal.’ He is credited for discovering singers Mukesh (‘Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De’ from “Pehli Nazar” (1945)) and Talat Mahmood ('Aye Dil Mujhe Aisi Jagah Ley Chal' from “Aarzoo” (1949)). During this period, he tied the knot with actress, Asha Lata, with whom he had three sons and a daughter. Biswas quit Bombay Talkies and started working under the banner of Variety Pictures, founded by his wife, Asha. He gave the background score for four of Asha’s films: “Laadli” (1949), “Laajawaab” (1950), “Badi Bahu” (1951) and “Humdard” (1953). He also supervised the score for “Char Din Char Rahen” (1959) and the 1957 blockbuster “Pardesi,” starring Nargis. Anil Da, as he was deferentially called, divorced Asha Lata in 1954. In 1959, he married the playback singer, Meena Kapoor, famed for ‘Rasiya Re Mann Basiya Re’ in Pardesi. The couple had no children. By the early 1960s, the face of playback music was fast changing, which did not suit Biswas as he started distancing himself from the film industry. His son’s (Pradeep) death in 1961 served as the final blow that led to his departure from Bollywood. His last musical composition in a film was for Motilal Rajvansh’s “Chhoti Chhoti Baatein” in 1965. The film was honored with a National Award despite its failure at the box office. In March 1963, Biswas became the director of the National Orchestra at the All India Radio (AIR) in Delhi. He acted as the Chief Producer of Sugam Sangeet at AIR till 1975. He continued to compose music as late as 1991 but only for a few TV shows such as Doordashan’s critically acclaimed soap opera “Hum Log” (1984), and documentaries. He was later appointed as the Musical Advisor at Jawaharlal Nehru University, where he contributed to the field for two years. He was felicitated with the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1986, India’s highest honor given to practicing artists. Anil Da passed away on 31st May 2003 in New Delhi. He was survived by his wife, Meera, and three children. 

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Anil Biswas Hindi Actor