National Film Awards were held in 1957. Dr Rajendra Prasad, the then President of India, honored the talented film industry artists and technicians for their best performances, at Vigyan Bhavan in
New Delhi on 28 April 1957. “Kabuliwala” and Tenali Ramakrishna bagged two awards each. President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film was bagged by Kabuliwala, a Bengali movie. All India Certificate of Merit was won by Bandhan, a Hindi film and Tenali Ramakrishna, a Telugu film. All India Certificate of Merit for Best Children's Film was bagged by a Bengali movie, Jaldeep. Tamil, Hindi and Kannada films received the Silver Medal from the President for the Best Regional Feature Films. Some regional movies got a certificate of Merit. Marathi, Malayalam and Assamese movies failed to get an award in that year.
Mahakavi Girishchandra and Ek Din Ratre got the Certificate of Merit in Bengali and the Silver Medal film was Kabuliwala. Basant Bahar of Hindi, Bhakta Vijaya of Kannada, Kula Dheivam of Tamil and Edi Nijam of Telugu received the Certificate of Merit.
In the Non – feature films Category, Gotama The Buddha, an English Documentary received the President's Gold Medal for the Best Documentary Film. Khajuraho and A Village In Travancore received the Certificate of Merit.