Vidya Sinha was born on 15 November 1947 in Mumbai. Her father Rana Pratap Singh was a producer in Hindi cinema. Director Mohan Sinha was her maternal grandfather. She started her career as a model and was crowned as Miss Bombay. When Basu Chatterjee noticed her on the cover page of a film magazine, he offered her the chance to work in his movie, and she got her first break in the movie Rajnigandha opposite Amol Palekar after which, there was no looking back. She worked in many movies with B.R. Chopra and many other top banners as the lead actress. In 1975, she played the lead role in Basu Chatterjee directed movie Chhoti Si Baat. In 1978, she acted in B. R. Chopra directed movie Pati, Patni Aur Wo opposite to Sanjeev Kumar. This movie was a blockbuster and won a Flimfare Award for Best Screenplay.

Vidya Sinha was married to Venkateshwaran Iyer in the year 1968 and gave birth to her daughter Jahnvi in 1989. She left acting to take care her family. In 1996, her husband died due to prolonged illness. She remarried an Australian doctor Netaji Bhimrao Salunke in 2001, but later on divorced him.

On persuasion of her daughter, she restarted her acting career as a television actress in 2000. She played Kavya’s grandmother Sharmila Nanda, in Ekta Kapoor’s romantic television drama Kkavyanjali. In Sahara One’s serial Neem Neem Shahad Shahad, she appeared as Hansmukh’s wife. In 2009, she played a senior maid servant Bui in the serial Sajan Ghar Jana Hai, which aired on Star Plus. In Zee TV’s Popular Daily show Qubool Hai, she is playing the character of Badi Bi (grandmother). Recently Vidya Sinha was also seen in Salman Khan Starrer movie Bodyguard. In this movie she played Kareena Kapoor’s mother.