Suryakant Tripathi 'Nirala' was born on 21st of February in the year 1896. He was a novelist, story-writer, poet, and an essayist. He was well-known for his works in Hindi Literature. He was born in a Brahmin Family in Bengal.

He became popular for his poems. He has also participated in many Kavi Sammelans. His poetry work includes Dhwani, Apara, Ram Ki Shakti Puja, Saroj Smriti, and much more. He was a Bengali by birth. But, since his childhood, he was interested in Sanskrit. Suryakant Tripathi know many languages like Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali, and English.

His birth name was Dinbandhu Nirala. His Pen name was Nirala. His father name was Pandit Ramsahaya Tripathi. His books include Prabhavati, Nirupama, Apsara, Parimal, Kukurmutta, and much more. His wife name was Manohara Devi. Suryakant’s life was full of tragedies and struggles accompanied with misfortunes. His father worked in a government sector. At a very young age, Suryakant lost his mother. Suryakant completed his studies in Bengali language.

He has learnt English and Sanskrit through self-study. He used to study both these languages at his home. After that, he moved to Lucknow. Later on, he shifted to the Gadhakola in Unnao- a place where his father was born. His childhood was not so good. So, during this time, he has worked as a proof reader, and also worked for many publishers. Along with this, he has edited “Samanvaya.” His inspirations were Rabindranath Tagore, Ramakrishna Paramhans, and Swami Vivekananda.

Suryakant got married at a very young age. After his marriage, Suryakant started writing poems in Hindi language. Earlier, he used to write poems in Bengali. But, after his marriage he has spent some good days with his wife. But, as usual, this happiness was also very short because his wife died when Suryakant was 20 years old. Suryakant also had a daughter who also died, later on. During this time also, he has to go through a lot of struggles especially the financial struggle. He was a modern poet who mainly wrote in Hindi language. He was a strong protestor of exploitation and social justice which could be clearly seen in his writings. Suryakant also suffered from schizophrenia.

After his death, an auditorium named “Nirala Prekshagrah” was named after him. Along with this, a park named “Nirala Uddyan,” and a college named “Mahapran Nirala Degree College” were named after him. All these Suryakant’s memorials are there in Unnao district. Suryakant died on 15th of October in the year 1961 in Allahabad, U.P. (Uttar Pradesh). He has spent most of his time at Dargaganj, Allahabad.  

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Hindi Actor

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar is a Hindi essayist, poet, academic, journalist, and a patriot. He took birth in Simaria, Bengal Presidency, British India on September 23, 1908. His parents' names are Manroop Devi and Babu Ravi Singh. Ramdhari was a good student and loved studying philosophy, history, and politics. He studied at Mokama High School and Patna College. Rabindranath Tagore, Milton, Iqbal, and Keats were his idols. Ramdhari's family was economically poor. He didn't even have access to proper footwear. His conditions forced him to leave the school early every day since he had to catch a streamer. In 1920, Ramdhari saw Mahatma Gandhi and founded Manoranjan Library. In his later life, Kashi Prasad Jaiswal, a historian, looked upon him as a son and helped him immensely. Ramdhari has penned numerous books, poems, biographies, as well as translated literary works from other languages into Hindi. He has dabbled in the genre of fiction, satire, and historical. Chhatra Sahodar, a local newspaper whose editor was Narsingh Das, published his first poem. During his time, the Indian freedom movement was gaining momentum. As a result, Ramdhari's writings reflect both the poverty he faced and the political atmosphere of the country. His most famous works are Raashtrabhaasha aur Raashtriya Ekta, Pandit Nehru Aur Anya Mahapurush, Parshuram ki Pratiksha, Bharat Ki Sanskritik Kahaani, Sanskriti Ke Chaar Adhyaay, and much more. Ramdhari was one of the people who rallied against Simon Commission in Patna. The death of Lala Lajpat Rai in the march angered him, and he took to radical ways. However, later he mellowed down and became a Gandhian. In spite of writing in Hindi, Ramdhari is equally famous within folks who don't speak Hindi as well. Ramdhari is the recipient of Sahitya Akademi Award, Padma Bhushan, and Jnanpith Award. Bhagalpur University, bestowed upon him their LLD degree. Gurukul Mahavidyalaya and Rajasthan Vidyapeeth gave him the title of Vidyavachaspati and Sahitya-Chudamani respectively. In 1952, Ramdhari became Rajya Sabha's member and held the position for twelve years. In 1960, Ramdhari became the Bhagalpur University's vice chancellor. Ardent Hindi poem readers hail him as one of the greatest poets after Bhushan. Ramdhari passed away on April 24, 1974. Post his death, Nitish Kumar has established an engineering college in Begusarai and named it after him. The government of Patna unveiled a statue of him at Dinkar Chowk. Khagendra Thakur wrote a book on him. His two children; Ramsevak Singh and Kedarnath Singh survives him.

Previous