Dr. Jabbar Patel (born June 23, 1942, in Pandharpur) is an Indian theatre and cinema director who works in Marathi. His 1973 performance of
's play Ghashiram Kotwal is regarded as a Modern Indian Theatre classic. His father was a railway employee in India. He attended Haribhai Deokaran High School in Solapur for his early education. He graduated from B. J. Medical College in Pune with a doctorate in paediatric medicine. In Daund, near Pune, he and his wife, a gynecologist, run a clinic. They have two daughters. He is the director of great Marathi films such as Samna Jait Re Jait (
), Umbartha (Smita Patil,
), and Simhasan (Mohan Agashe, Smita Patil) (
, Shreeram Lagoo,
) Mukta, Ek Hota Vidushak, and Musafir are some of his other films (Hindi).
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, released in 1999, is his most well-known film. For his Marathi film Mukta, he got the Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration in 1995. Patel began performing when he was still in elementary school. He lived in Solapur with Shriram Pujari, who was a powerful figure in the city. Jabbar Patel was able to get a closer look at the folks from the Marathi theatre world who used to stay at the Pujari residence while staying at his home. His parts as Chaphekar in his high school play, Hadacha zunzar aahes tu in the silent theatre, and Shyam in 'Tujh Hai Tujpashi' in college was well received. Patel began his career with Bhalba Kelkar's Progressive Dramatic Association (PDA), a Marathi experimental theatrical organization. He acted and directed in plays produced by PDA. He directed Ashi Pakhare Yeti, a commercial hit for PDA, starring Vijay Tendulkar.
Patel and colleagues including Mohan Agashe and
left PDA in 1972 due to disagreements about the presentation of their new play, Ghashiram Kotwal, written by Vijay Tendulkar. Theatre Academy was founded as a result of their efforts. In 1974, the group performed 'Teen Paishacha Tamasha,' an adaption of Brecht's Threepenny Opera, which followed Ghashiram Kotwal. He wrote the lyrics for the film 'Samna' song 'Raya asa Zombu naka angala.' He worked on a film about Santoor master Pandit Shivkumar Sharma's life and work.
Taking on a political subject is nothing new for Jabbar Patel. He has dealt with political topics in films such as Umbartha, Jait Re Jait, and Simhasan, as well as stage productions such as Ghasiram Kotwal. "Yashwantrao Chavan," his most recent film, is equally political in nature. Jait Re Jait (1977) is a musical landmark in Indian cinema, telling the memories of a forgotten tribe through dance and a total of 19 songs. Simhasan (1981), a montage film with 35 characters, followed it. Both were recognized at the national level. Umbartha (1981), a film starring Smita Patil as the superintendent of a women's rehabilitation facility, is one of Patel's most renowned films.