Fakir Mohan Senapati, an Indian writer, poet, philosopher, and social reformer, was born on January 13, 1843, and is frequently referred to as Utkala Byasa Kabi (Odisha's Vyasa). Lakhmana Charana Senapati and Tulasi Devi Senapati raised him in a middle-class Khandayat family. His father passed away when he was one and a half years old. After 14 months, his mother passed away as well. His grandmother has been watching for him since he was a small child.Young Fakir Mohan's schooling was prohibited by Senapati's uncle, who was envious of him. He was a slow learner as a result of his poor health.

He worked as a child laborer to help pay for his schooling. In the latter part of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, Senapati devoted his life to advancing the Odia language. The term "father of Odia fiction" refers to him. Schools, colleges, and universities in his hometown have been built in his honour, including Fakir Mohan College and Fakir Mohan University. He was instrumental in giving the language of Odia, which is mostly spoken in the Indian state of Odisha, a unique identity. Senapati is credited with founding contemporary Odia literature as well as Odia nationalism.

When Senapati was just thirteen years old, he wed Leelavati Devi. He had a daughter with her, and his wife passed away when he was 29. He wed Krushna Kumari Dei in the summer of 1871; she passed away in 1894 and left behind a son and a daughter. Although he translated works from Sanskrit, produced poetry, and tried his hand at many different literary genres, he is now generally recognised as the founder of contemporary Odia prose fiction. His four books, which were published between 1897 and 1915, are a reflection of Odisha's socio-cultural landscape in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He is credited with introducing the autobiography, short story, and novel writing genres to Odia literature.

He wrote the books Chhamana Athaguntha (1902), Mamu (1913), Lachhama (1914), and Prayaschita (Penance), as well as the collection of tales titled "Galpaswalpa," which contains 20 of his short stories, and the autobiography titled "Atmojivan Charita," which was released in 1927. He died on 14 th June, 1918.