Birthday: 02-05-1921
Date of death: 23-04-1992
Star sign: Gemini

Biographies reveal bare details about the maverick filmmaker Satyajit Ray. Even today not much is known about this extraordinary filmmaker. But people still have a passion for doing research upon his classic films as he is an extraordinary filmmaker. Satyajit Ray was India’s first recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Academy Award (Honorary Oscar) in 1992. He is also a recipient of the honorary doctorate by Oxford University ( after actor Chaplin). The government of India has awarded him ‘Padma Bhushan(1965) and  Dadasaheb Phalke Award(1985) and the highest civilian honour’Bharat Ratna’(1992) too. In 1992, he was even posthumously awarded the Akira Kurosawa Award for Lifetime Achievement in directing at the San Francisco International Film Festival. The director was chosen once as No 7 in the list of list of "Top 10 Directors" of the world. 

Satyajit Ray was born in Calcutta on 2 May 1921. He completed his degree at Presidency College, Calcutta. After his graduation, he joined a British-run advertising agency (D.J.Keymer) as a junior Visualiser drawing eighty rupees per month. During 1947, he set up the ‘Calcutta Film Society’ with his colleagues that screened many foreign films. In 1950, he landed up in London where he watched 99 films. Ray had even once said that seeing some neorealist films had an impact, and he decided to become a filmmaker. Thus, he shot his film ‘Pather Panchali’ in late 1952. He shot this film with his personal savings and borrowed some funds, but that was not sufficient either. It took three years to complete the film. West Bengal Government funded the film and his first film ‘Pather Panchali’ released in 1955. The film won him international acclaim. The film was the adaptation from a novel written by Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay. This film ‘Pather Panchali’ even today is featured in lists of the greatest films ever made. This film established Ray as one of the country’s most distinguished filmmaker, and the film won in 1956 an award (Best Human Document award) in the Cannes Film Festival. Later, Ray went to make a total of 36 films, including feature films, documentaries and short films. He had won 32 National Film Awards so far.

Ray has introduced Aparna Sen, Jaya Bhaduri, Sharmila Tagore, Soumitra Chatterjee to Indian cinema and even worked with Waheeda Rehman, Simi Garewal, Amjad Khan, Shabana Azmi and Sanjeev Kumar. Satyajit Ray was in charge of scripting, casting, musical scoring, and editing, and designed his own credit titles and publicity material. In the International film world, Ray is well known for ‘Apu Trilogy’ which comprised three Bengali films ‘’Pather Panchali’’, ‘’Aparajito’’ and ‘’Apur Sansar’’ directed by Ray. He later made one of his classic films ‘Charulata’ based on Rabindranath Tagore’s novel. Although Ray considers ‘Charulata’ as his favourite film that he ever made, critics consider another film ‘ Devi’ as his best. The film ‘Charulata’ fetched Ray the Silver Bear Award for Best Director at the Berlin International Film Festival. He received the same award for his earlier film ‘ Mahanagar’ too. Though Ray never looked for dolled-up glamour for his films he personified the actresses’ beauty as intelligent beauty in many films and chose Waheeda Rehman, Sharmila Tagore, Aparna Sen, Simi Garewal, Madhavi Mukherjee in his films.

Satyajit Ray, who is considered as a true poet of cinema, has directed a Bengali film ‘Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne’ (1969) which was based on a story of his grandfather Upendra Kishore. Although Ray directed matinee idol Uttam Kumar in his two films ‘Nayak’ and ‘Chiriyakhana’, Ray could not succeed in directing Suchitra Sen. In 1958, the director made another classic film ‘Jalsaghar’ which made French people pay attention to Ray’s films. The film boasts of Chhabi Biswas’s superb performance and music by Ustand Vilayat Khan contributed to creating the right atmosphere in the film. Ray is also known for his films like ‘Kanchenjangha’(1962), ‘Ganashatru’ (1990), ‘Sonar Kella’ (1974), ‘Hirak Rajar Deshe’ (1980), ‘Aranyer Din Ratri’ (1969),’ Ashani Sanket’ (1973) and ‘Agantuk’ (1991) etc. The director passed away on 3 April 1992 in Kolkata. He left behind his wife, Bijoya Ray and son Sandip Ray. He was a towering personality and his encyclopedic knowledge, his charisma, and his vision of cinema always coincided with the hope of an emergent nation.

Vijay Anand Hindi Actor

Vijay Anand

Vijay Anand also known as ‘Goldie‘ is an Indian filmmaker, producer, director, screenwriter and an actor who made some classic films to date. He is related to actor Dev Anand and directed many in-house films of ‘Navketan Films’ (owned by actor Dev Anand). He was born on 22 January 1934 in Punjab. As an actor, he acted opposite Jaya Bhaduri in ‘Kora Kagaz’ which was critically applauded and was a hit film. Later, he also acted with Shabana Azmi. But his contribution to Indian cinema is understood as a director where he crafted classic film such as Guide, behind the camera lens. It was Guide that made him an acclaimed director of Indian cinema. The film was based on R.K. Narayanan’s novel and it had Waheeda Rehman and Dev Anand playing the lead roles. The film won him even international recognition. The other three films that he directed after Guide for Dev Anand are Johny Mera Naam (1970), Jewel Thief (1967) and Tere Mere Sapne(1971). All these three films were blockbusters in the box office. If Guide boosted Waheeda’s career, so did ‘Jewel Thief for Vyjayanthimala and  ‘Johny Mera Naam’ did the same magic for Hema Malini. Vijay Anand made his debut as a director with his film ‘Nau Do Gyarah’(1957) which had Dev Anand being pitted against Kalpana Karthik for the first time. After this movie, Dev Anand married Kalpana Karthik.  This film was also was a blockbuster.  Vijay Anand’s directional venture ‘Tere Mere Sapne’ was remade In Bengali and Telugu languages too. In 1972, the film was made in Bengali as Jiban Saikate with Soumitra Chatterjee and Aparna Sen. In the year 1982, it was remade into Telugu as Madhura Swapnam. Vijay Anand is also known for shooting extraordinary dance sequences songs like ''O Haseena" (Teesri Manzil ), "Kaaton Se Kheech" (Guide ) and "Honthon Mein Aisi Baat" (Jewel Thief), These songs were picturised on  Asha Parkeh, Waheeda, and Vyjayanthimala.  Other than Navketan Banners (Dev Anand production house) Vijay Anand also directed some movies outside it. His first direction outside Navketan was ‘Teesri Manzil’ which was for producer Nasir Hussain. The film which had Shammi Kapoor and Asha Parekh in lead roles were a hit. R.D. Burman’s musical score gave some foot-tapping numbers for audiences to enjoy.  In most of his films except 'Guide' and 'Teesri Manzil', Vijay Anand had been the screenwriter. In 1973, he directed ‘Black Mail’ which featured Raakhee and Dharmendra in lead roles. The film was declared a hit. After this film, he produced, directed and penned the script for ‘Chupa Rustom’ which failed in the box-office. In 1980, he directed ‘Ram Balram’ which had Dharmendra and Amitabh Bachchan being paired together after Sholay. The film was produced by Tito and had Zeenat Aman and Rekha being cast opposite Dharmendra and Amitabh. The film received average box office response due to the fact it had Amitabh and Dharmendra together.  Vijay Anand is well known for his other two films that were ‘Kala Bazar’ and ‘Tere Ghar Ke Samne’ which had melodious music of S.D. Burman . The actor and director passed away on 23 February 2004 due to a heart attack. 

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Shobha Kapoor

Shobha Kapoor is a film and television producer from India and the Managing Director of the much acclaimed Balaji Telefilms, a serial production house based in Mumbai. It is now run by her talented daughter Ekta Kapoor. Shobha mainly takes care of the production and administration activities of the company. She has co-produced many cult Hindi serials such as ‘Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi’ from 2000 to 2008, ‘Kahaani Ghar Ghar Kii’ also from 2000 to 2008, ‘Kasautii Zindagii Kay’ from 2001 to 2008 and ‘Kaahin Kissii Roz’ from 2001 to 2004. She is married to veteran actor Jeetendra, and they have two kids, Tusshar Kapoor, and Ekta Kapoor. Shobha and Jeetendra were dating each other for 13 years before their wedding, and former was working as an air-hostess then.  Shobha hails from Sindhi (now part of Pakistan), and she says that she inherited her business skills from her late maternal grandfather, who was a successful businessman from Karachi.  After marriage, Shobha ran a boutique back in the 90s to bring up her kids as her husband Jeetendra’s film career was going topsy-turvy. It was later in the year 1994 that the family ventured into production which was a flop initially. Eventually, in the year 2000 they created Balaji Film, and soon they got the contract of the hit serial, ‘Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi’. About Ekta, Shobha opines that the former is a very creative personality and manages finance extraordinarily.  Shobha also says that she has a stable relationship with her daughter, who needs someone to understand and support. It was with Ekta that she produced their first film “Kyon Ki Main Jhoot Nahi Bolta’, but, unfortunately, the film didn’t fare well at the box office. After the creation of Balaji Motion Pictures, they produced another movie ‘Kucch Tho Hai” featuring Tusshar Kapoor and Anita Hassanandani, which was a failure at the box office. But later in the year 2010 and 2011, two successful films got released under the banner of Balaji Motion Pictures.

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Shobha Kapoor Hindi Actress

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