5th National Film Awards were held in the year 1957, by Directorate of Film Festivals, an organization set up by The Indian Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
For the first time some amount of money included for the winners, along with some alterations which include conversion of President’s Gold Medal which was given for the All India Best Feature Film to National Film Award for Best Feature Film, President’s Gold Medal for the Best Documentary Film to National Film Award for Best Children’s Film, and President’s Silver Medal for best feature Film to Nation Film Award for Best Regional Film. The Certification of Merit in all the categories got discontinued over the years.
Following a similar format, two types of awards were being given; which were for the feature films and the non-feature films.
Late Sh. V. Shantaram won Best Feature Film award for the Hindi movie Do Aankhen Barah Haath, produced by Rajkamal Kalamandir. Shantaram received a cash prize for INR 5,000/-, and the producer received the double which is INR 10,000/-. Both of them got a Gold Medal.
The technical aspects could never be overlooked as they help the director's imagination to work the way he wants. In that era when technology was expanding, the Best award for Cinematography, Editing, and others were overlooked.
Andhare Alo, a Bengali movie bagged the prize for the All India Certificate of Merit given for the Second Best Feature Film. Director Haridas Bhattacharya got a cash prize of INR 2,500 and producer Sreemati Pictures INR 10,000 along with a Certificate of merit.
The legendary movie Mother India received All India Certificate of Merit, directed by Mehboob Khan under Mehboob Khan Productions. Both received Certificate of Merit.
Hum Pancchi Ek Dal Ke, a Hindi movie bagged the prize for the Prime Minister’s Gold Medal for the Best Children’s Film. Director P.L. Santoshi recieved cash prize of INR 5,000 and producer Sreemati Pictures INR 20,000 along with a Certificate of merit.
Certificate of Merit for Third Best Feature film was won by Musafir, directed and Produced by Hrishikesh Mukherjee.
Hum Pancchi Ek Dal Ke, a Hindi movie bagged the prize for the All India Certificate of Merit for Second Best Children’s Film directed by Dilip Mukherjee and produced by R.B Films.
Under the Non-Feature film category, President’s Gold Medal for the Top Documentary Film won by A Himalayan Tapestry, directed by Mohan Bhavanani and Produced by Burmah Shell. All India Certificate of Merit got presented to Dharti Ki Jhankar, directed by Bhaskar Rao and produced by Films Division.
The ceremony served its purpose as every regional film stood as a contestant and awards were given in the field of languages also. The dialects were Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, Malayalam, Punjabi, Tamil, and Telugu.