National Film Awards are presented by the Directorate of Film Festival and the organization is set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to focus on the best of the Indian Cinema released in the year 1978. Two types of different committees get formed for feature films and short films, headed by
Chetan Anand and Kironmoy Raha respectively. The jury member for the Feature Films is Chetan Anand (Chairperson), Sanjukta Panigrahi,
Manohar Shyam Joshi, Vinay Chandra Maudglaya, Bhisham Sahni, K.K Nair,
Satish Alekar and G.L Bhardwaj.
The jury members for the short film are Kironmoy Raha (Chairperson), Aruna Vasudev and M.T Vasudevan Nair.
Raichand Boral is awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award as the Best Music and Film Director. Feature films are awarded at two levels: one at All India and then at the Regional Level. In the 26th National Film Awards, no film was awarded the President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film. This is the only one year for the National Film Awards not to give away this award till now. Three films of different languages won the maximum number of awards in the National Film Awards: A Hindi film named ‘Gaman’, A Bengali Film named as ‘Parashuram’ and a Malayalam film named as ‘Thampu’.