National Film Awards were presented by the Directorate of Film Festivals in the city of
New Delhi, India. The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting set up this organization. They formed a total of two committees; one was for Feature Films and other for the Short Films.
Nitin Bose got the biggest achievement of the ceremony. He was awarded with Dadasaheb Phalke Award. This is a Lifetime Achievement Award that he got for his contribution as a Cinematographer, Director and, Screenwriter. Along with this he also got Swarna Kamal, a Shawl and Rs 40,000. Among the feature film category “Ghatashraddha” made in Kannada language got the award for the Best Feature Film. The producer Sadanand Suvarna got Swarna Kamal and Rs 40,000 and the director
Girish Kasaravalli got Rajat Kamal and Rs 20,000.
The Hindi film “
Swami” directed by
Basu Chatterjee and, produced by Jaya Charavarthy won the award for the Best Feature Film with Mass Appeal, Wholesome Entertainment and Aesthetic Value. Another Hindi film “Safed Hathi” directed by Tapan Sinha and, produced by R. A. Jalan and Pratap Agarwal won the award for Best Children’s Film. They also got Rajat Kamal with Rs 10,000 and Swarna Kamal with Rs 15,000 respectively. “Kanchana Sita”, a Malayalam film for which G. Aravindan won the Best direction award, Rajat Kamal and Rs 20,000.
Satyadev Dubey and
Girish Karnad won the Best Screenplay award for the Hindi film “
Bhumika’. They also got Rajat Kamal and Rs 10,000. Gopi won the Best actor award for “Kodiyettam” which is a Malayalam language film and he also got Rajat Kamal and Rs 10,000.
Smita Patil won the Best actress award and Rajat Kamal and Rs 10,000 for the Hindi film “Bhumika”.
Ajit Kumar won the Best Child Artist for Kannada film “Ghatashraddha” and Rajat Kamal with Rs 5000. B. V. Karanth won Best Music Direction award for “Ghatashraddha” and Rajat Kamal with Rs 10,000.
Mohammed Rafi won the award for Best Male Playback Singer for Hum Kisise Se Kam Naheen with Rajat Kamal and Rs 10,000. S. Janaki won the Best Female Playback Singer for Pathinaru Vayathinile with Rajat Kamal and Rs 10,000.
Balu Mahendra won Best Cinematographer in Black and White for Kokila and Soumendu Roy won the same in color for “Shatranj Ke Khilari”. S. P. Ramanathan won the Best Sound Recording award for “Gondhuli”. Waman Bhonsle and Gurudutt Shirali won the Best Editing Award for “
Inkaar”. In the category of Regional awards, Bhabendra Nath Saikia got the award for the Best Feature Film in the language Assamese for his movie “Sandhyarag”.
Suresh Jindal and
Satyajit Ray won the Best Feature Film in Hindi for the movie “Shatranj ke Khiladi”. B.M Venkatesh, Chandulal, Girish Karmad and, B. V Karanth won the Best Feature Film in Kannada for the movie “Tabbaliyu Neenade Magane”. Kulathoor Bhaskaran Nair and, Adoor Gopalakrishan won the award for Best Feature Film in Malayalam for the movie “Kodiyettam”. Usha Mangeshkar and Jabbar Patel got the award for Best Feature Film in Marathi for the film “Jait Re Jait”. Shyamghan Rai and Biplab Rai got the award for Best Feature Film in Oriya for the film “Chilika Teerey”. Charley John and,
John Abraham got the award for Best Feature Film in Tamil for the film “Agraharathil Kazhutai”. Parandhama Reddy and Mrinal Sen got the award for Best Feature Film in Telugu for the film “Oka Oori Katha”.
The awardees also got Rajat Kamal, and Rs 10,000 was given to the producer and Rs 5000 were given to the director. In the Non- Feature Film category Arvind Kumar Sinha and M. Prabhat won the award for Best Information Film for “Deshratna Rajendra Prasad”. “Tobacco Habits and Oral Cancer” film, won the award for Best Educational Film. It is directed and produced by Arun Khopkar and A. V. Films. Film “Parvati” directed and, produced by Santi P. Chowdhury won the Best Promotional Film Award. “Samadhi” won the Best Experimental Film which is directed by John Sankaramangalam and produced by Film and Television Institute of India. “Prakriti Ka Niyam” won the Best Animation Film. C. L Kaul won Best Cameraman Newest for Indian news Review No. 1508. Films Division won the Best News Review for Unprecedented Havoc. The ceremony took place in the month of April in 1978.